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Diseases & Conditions
New thinking on glaucoma treatment
For people with the most common form of the disease, the approach to first-line treatment is changing.
When the doctor says you have glaucoma, there’s a good chance it’s open-angle glaucoma, the most common form of the vision-robbing disease. It’s also likely you’ll be given prescription eye drops to halt the disease’s progression; that’s typically the first line of treatment. But some people might benefit initially with a procedure normally reserved as a second step.
What is glaucoma?
There are many forms of glaucoma. They all cause damage to the optic nerve, which carries visual signals to the brain. The damage often develops when a poorly functioning drainage system leads to elevated pressure in the eye. Normally, fluid passes through the inside of the eye and exits through a sieve of tissue called the trabecular meshwork. In most cases of open-angle glaucoma, the meshwork becomes clogged with debris. Fluid then backs up, which gradually raises pressure inside the eye, damaging the optic nerve.
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The Aging Eye: Preventing and treating eye disease
As the eyes age, problems with vision become more common. The Aging Eye: Preventing and treating eye disease explains how to recognize the risk factors and symptoms of specific eye diseases — cataract, glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration, and diabetic retinopathy — and what steps you can take to prevent or treat them before your vision deteriorates.
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