New guidelines help cancer survivors exercise and eat better

Surviving cancer was once a challenging achievement. Today, more than 12 million Americans are cancer survivors, and many live long after their diagnoses. New guidelines from the American Cancer Society (ACS) offer them science-based advice for eating better and staying active—two keys to healthy living for cancer survivors and everyone else. The report, called Nutrition and Physical Activity Guidelines for Cancer Survivors, is available for free from the ACS website.

The guidelines define a survivor as “anyone who has been diagnosed with cancer, from the time of diagnosis through the rest of their life.” According to the ACS, one in every 25 Americans is a cancer survivor.

The evidence is reasonably solid that people who have been treated for cancer live longer if they exercise, says Dr. I-Min Lee, an associate professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School and an expert on the health benefits of exercise.  “The evidence for exercise extending survival after cancer therapy is promising. There have been about half dozen studies on this, for breast, prostate, and colorectal cancers,” says Dr. Lee. A healthy diet helps, too. (An earlier Harvard Health blog describes some of the mental and emotional challenges that cancer survivors face.)

Feeling better and living longer

Many cancer survivors look to diet and exercise in the hope of preventing recurrence of their disease, extending their lifespans, or just feeling better after a rigorous course of treatment.

To help them do this, the ACS assembled a group of experts to review and summarize what science had to say about the role of diet and exercise for cancer survivors. It turns out that the same things that prevent cancer from developing in the first place also help keep it from coming back.

The ACS guidelines provide specific advice for survivors of a variety of major cancers: prostate, colorectal, lung, breast, ovarian, endometrial, upper GI, head and neck, and hematologic. Here are some highlights:

  • Cancer survivors seeking evidence-based nutrition advice should ask their health care provider or oncology provider for a referral to a registered dietitian with special certification in cancer care.
  • If you are having trouble taking in enough calories each day, consider eating smaller and more frequent meals and eating special fortified or nutrient-dense food products.
  • Use dietary supplements cautiously. There isn’t good evidence that taking more than the recommended daily amounts (RDA) of vitamins and minerals improves treatment outcomes or long-term survival. In fact, preliminary findings suggest that supplementation could actually interfere with some cancer treatments.
  • Exercise can help fight fatigue, keep you functioning, and improve the quality of life. When to start exercising after treatment, and how much, is an individualized decision for you and your doctor.
  •  The evidence is pretty solid that obesity increases the risk of breast cancer recurrence, and evidence of this or other cancers is building. If you are carrying too many pounds, losing weight and keeping it off can help improve survival.

Related Information: Harvard Men’s Health Watch


  1. Anonymous

    Nod to anonymous.Cancer preventing diet is quite possibly the single most important factor in recovery.

  2. Marctriyandi

    This guidelines article might give a new hope for cancer survivors.

  3. DCKAP

    Sounds good news for all the cancer patients who want to survive more.

  4. Anonymous

    3 Very Important Cancer Fighting steps to Stop re-occurrence In its place. Eating Cancer Fighting Foods and Proper Exercise Like Cycling, Running, Walking

  5. Paul Blackburn

    This is good news for cancer patients. It will revitalize their life and improve personal development.

  6. JaQuita Burgess

    Are natural products such as bioidentical progesterone safer than synthetic hormones or not. I’m still very unsure about the long term effects of HRT.

  7. Irving

    It is my understanding they were cnnisderiog using genetically modified mosquitoes to administer my chemo but it would have required mosquitoes the size of turkeys. The problem is the largest mosquito they have been able to engineer so far are the size of a small duck. Unless there is a scientific breakthrough in the immediate future the Borg plan will remain the preferred form of treatment.

  8. Dan

    What really needs to happen is that doctors in general need to be better educated about exercise and nutrition as a preventative measure instead of just throwing drugs at everything.

  9. Elizabeth Miller

    This is interesting to me that these studies are focused to cancer survivors. Their research is in line with health/eating/exercise guidelines that are recommended for everyone.

    I believe that we are all given guidelines to exercise weekly, limit calories if we are overweight, and eat fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. We work with addiction patients and these guidelines apply to them as well when they finish their program.

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