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Cancer Archive

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Curbing the nation’s deadliest cancer

Published October 1, 2022

Lung cancer kills about 130,000 Americans yearly, but only a tiny percentage of people eligible for low-dose CT lung cancer screening receive it. People qualify for lung cancer screening if they are 50 to 80 years old, have a substantial smoking history as measured in lifetime packs smoked, and currently smoke or quit within the past 15 years. Tens of thousands of lives might be saved each year if everyone who qualified underwent lung cancer screening, which can detect tumors when they are still small enough to be cured with surgery or radiation.

When can women with early-stage breast cancer skip radiation after lumpectomy?

Published September 15, 2022

Current guidelines for women under 65 with early-stage breast cancer recommend following lumpectomy with radiation therapy, but emerging research could expand the option of skipping radiation to some women as young as 55.

Palliative care frightens some people: Here’s how it helps

Published September 14, 2022

Palliative care is a medical specialty meant to help people during many different stages of health. Many people who might benefit from palliative care do not receive it; if more people understand it, more people can take advantage of it.

Could eating fish increase your risk of cancer?

Published July 26, 2022

A new study found a higher risk of melanoma among people who ate the most fish, but limitations of this research mean it’s premature to draw any conclusions about a relationship between eating fish and melanoma risk.

Eating less meat may lower overall cancer risk

Published July 1, 2022

A 2022 study suggests that eating meat (including poultry) fewer than five times a week may protect people from cancer. Consuming only fish and no meat or following a vegetarian or vegan diet may offer even greater protection.

Home screening options for colorectal cancer

Published May 1, 2022

There are several at-home screening tests for colorectal cancer. The most accurate are a fecal immunochemical test (FIT) and a multitarget stool DNA (mt-sDNA) test (Cologuard), also known as a FIT-DNA test. The FIT test uses antibodies to detect blood in stool, and must be done once a year. The FIT-DNA test can identify DNA from cancer cells in the stool and also has a FIT component to look for blood. This test may be repeated once every three years.

Unique blood test may offer a speedier cancer diagnosis

Published April 1, 2022

A groundbreaking blood test might someday identify cancer in people with unexplained but worrisome symptoms like unexplained weight loss, frequent fatigue, constant nausea, and new pain.

Can your diet protect against cancer?

Published March 1, 2022

Following a plant-based eating pattern, such as a vegetarian, vegan, or Mediterranean diet, helps manage cholesterol and lower the risk for heart disease. Studies have suggested that some elements of these diets also help protect against cancer, although the best approach is unclear. Experts suggest embracing an overall healthy diet that includes various fruits and vegetables, along with legumes and whole grains, along with cutting down on red meat, processed foods, and sugar-sweetened beverages.

Scoring highly on Alternative Healthy Eating Index lowers risk for many illnesses

Published February 8, 2022
Most of us know a healthy diet reduces the risk of heart disease but may not know it’s possible to choose a combination of foods that help lower risks for many illnesses. An index created by researchers at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health grades food choices and it’s easy to incorporate components of this into daily eating habits.

Five hours of weekly exercise may help prevent some cancers

Published February 1, 2022
Many cancers might be avoided if people did at least five hours of moderate-intensity exercise per week like brisk walking, biking riding, and water aerobics.

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