Problems with bladder control, or urinary incontinence, fall into a few categories. Leakage from pressure on the bladder is known as stress incontinence. For women, it’s often caused by childbirth, which can stretch or damage the pelvic floor muscles and nerves. Another common type of incontinence is urge incontinence or overactive bladder. The American College of Physicians has new guidelines urging doctors to first prescribe pill-free treatments for women—such as Kegel exercises, bladder training, and weight loss and exercise—before prescribing any medications.
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