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Alcohol may lower pregnancy odds in women undergoing fertility treatment — but caffeine is no problem
- By Maureen Salamon, Executive Editor, Harvard Women's Health Watch
Research we’re watching
Women undergoing fertility treatment who consume more than seven alcoholic drinks weekly are less likely to become pregnant, a new analysis suggests, but caffeine consumption doesn’t lower their odds.
The research review, published online Oct. 19, 2022, by the journal Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, evaluated findings from nine studies on alcohol consumption and seven on caffeine consumption. Researchers combed through data published before mid-July 2022 from nearly 27,000 women and their partners who underwent either in vitro fertilization or intracytoplasmic sperm injection to try for pregnancy.
Compared with women who didn’t drink alcohol, those who drank more than seven drinks weekly were 7% less likely to conceive after fertility treatment. Chances of a live birth dropped 9% in women whose male partners drank that same amount. Caffeine consumption by either partner, however, didn’t appear to affect the odds of pregnancy or live births.
The study was observational, meaning it could not prove a cause-and-effect relationship between consumption of alcohol or caffeine and fertility treatment outcomes.
Image: © KDP/Getty Images
About the Author
Maureen Salamon, Executive Editor, Harvard Women's Health Watch
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No content on this site, regardless of date, should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinician.
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