Got pain? Get better sleep

Stuart Quan, MD

Contributing Editor

The cell phone blares out reveille. Your eyes open reluctantly and you realize it’s morning, having only gone to bed four hours earlier because of a late-night party. You creak out of bed to ready yourself for work, arthritic joints hurting much more than usual. A painful day lies ahead even after taking ibuprofen. Does this sound familiar? If it does, you are not alone. Nearly 70% of Americans report getting insufficient sleep on a regular basis, and approximately 20% of Americans suffer from chronic pain. Recently, the intersection between these two conditions has become more apparent.

The association between sleep deficiency or poor quality sleep and increased perception of pain from various medical conditions is well known; poor sleep quality predicts greater intensity of pain from conditions such as back strain, arthritis, and fibromyalgia. In many cases, the relationship is bi-directional. For example, my colleagues and I have documented that heartburn is worse after a poor night’s sleep, and conversely heartburn can result in disrupted sleep.

Recent studies now provide a greater understanding of why pain worsens after poor sleep. In brain imaging studies using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), there is greater activation of brain regions controlling perception of pain after a poor night’s sleep. In addition, the activity of other brain regions responsible for dampening the sensation of increased pain is reduced. The net effect is that the perception of pain is accentuated after a poor or inadequate amount of sleep. Importantly, this observation is not just a phenomenon confined to the laboratory. In surveys of individuals with chronic pain, a night of poor sleep predicts worse pain.

The relationship between poor quality sleep and worsening pain has important implications for individuals experiencing both acute and chronic pain. More or better sleep may lessen the pain that they are experiencing.

There also is a potential public health message that cannot be ignored. The opioid epidemic is rampant in the United States, related in part to overprescription of opioids for chronic pain. Unfortunately, addiction and inadvertent overdoses are increasingly frequent. How many opioid-related deaths can be avoided if an intervention to improve sleep is implemented? The answer is not known. However, better sleep is inexpensive and generally does not require a physician’s prescription. In addition to other initiatives to address the opioid epidemic, messaging about the benefits of sleep on reducing the perception of pain could be a cost-effective public health investment.

References

Sleep disturbances and severe stress as glial activators: key targets for treating central sensitization in chronic pain patients? Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Targets, August 2017.

Sleep and pain sensitivity in adults. Pain, August 2015.

Relationships between sleep quality and pH monitoring findings in persons with gastroesophageal reflux disease. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, August 2007.

Comments:

  1. Dee Frank

    You say better sleep is inexpensive and usually does not require a physicians prescription. Then you leave us hanging as to what the inexpensive non prescription way to get better sleep is. So are you trying to help or trying to sell a report?

    • JD

      Exactly i to read the article hoping for some form of insight but nothing……
      More marketing more waisting peoples time, if you truly understood about lack of sleep and chronic pain you would mess people about like this!

    • G.

      I agree. Let’s face it, a PRESCRIPTION medication can definitely help get one to sleep. I cannot take “Benidryl” or most of the “over the counter sleep meds”!!! I have AFIB and that is a no-no to take (it can actually be dangerous). I also am in alot of pain (arthritis, + broke my shoulder & hip 2 yrs. ago-was “operated on”, with rather poor outcome.) All of the doctors are running scared about prescribing meds these days, so I guess those that are in the same position as myself (and there are many out there) are S.O.L.

  2. Nancy Miles

    In terms of getting a good nights sleep, has any research been done on what type of mattress is best for people who suffer from osteoarthritis?

  3. chukwu david

    Thanks for sharing such beautiful information with us. i hope you will share some more info about got pain get better sleep. please keep sharing!

  4. Tony Banks

    It’s a tough one because I use my phone to play music that helps me sleep – like this http://goodbackgroundmusic.co.uk/music-library/send-me-to-sleep-a-song-to-guide-you-to-sleep/

    But then having the phone near the bed keeps me awake sometimes…

    And sleep is so important as this and many other articles show

    • Cynthia Sumner

      Try putting the phone face down (so the light won’t keep you awake) and out of easy reach . I use several guided meditation apps that are timed to end in 30 minutes or so. This works most nights. I’m asleep before the program ends.

      • Tony Banks

        Thanks, that is a good idea. I find sometimes simply knowing my phone is close by makes me want to check it to see notifications etc which can be a problem.

        But usually these apps and music do the trick.

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