Sedative, Hypnotic or Anxiolytic Drug Use Disorder

What Is It?

Sedative-hypnotic drugs — sometimes called "depressants" — and anxiolytic (antianxiety) drugs slow down the activity of the brain. Benzodiazepines (Ativan, Halcion, Librium, Valium, Xanax, Rohypnol) are the best known. An older class of drugs, called barbiturates (Amytal, Nembutal, Seconal, phenobarbital) fit into this broad category. Other drugs in this group include chloral hydrate (which when mixed with alcohol was once known as "knockout drops" or a "Mickey Finn"), glutethimide, methaqualone (Quaalude, Sopor, "ludes") and meprobamate (Equanil, Miltown and other brand names).

Alcohol has some properties similar to the above drugs, but alcohol is so common that health experts classify alcohol-related problems separately.

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