Adult & Child ADHD
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common problem among children. Some outgrow it. In others, it continues through adolescence and into adulthood.
Children and adults with ADHD have trouble staying focused or paying attention. Many find it difficult to control their behavior. Many are also hyperactive, meaning they fidget a lot or can't sit still. Some individuals with ADHD are disruptive or impulsive, have trouble in relationships, and are accident prone. Hyperactivity and impulsiveness often improve with age, while attention problems tend to last into adulthood.
Adults with ADHD tend to have problems with memory and concentration. They may have trouble staying organized and meeting commitments at work or at home. The consequences of poor functioning may be anxiety, low self-esteem, or mood problems. Some turn to alcohol or drugs to manage these feelings.
Although no single treatment completely eliminates ADHD, many helpful options are available. The goal of treatment is to help children and adults improve social relationships, do better in school or at work, and keep their disruptive or harmful behaviors to a minimum. Medication and talk therapy together usually yield the best results.
Talk therapy may include behavior modification, social skills training, or cognitive behavioral therapy. Stimulant medications such as methylphenidate (Ritalin) and forms of amphetamine (Dexedrine) have been used for decades. They are relatively safe and effective for most children and adults to help them focus their thoughts and control their behavior.