How to prevent clots in the legs and lungs

Deep- vein thrombosis (DVT) refers to clots that form in the large veins of the arms, legs, or pelvis. A clot that breaks off and blocks blood flow in the lungs can cause a deadly condition called pulmonary embolism (PE). Addressing risk factors for heart disease help to prevent both DVT and PE: Eat a healthy diet, don’t smoke, and exercise regularly. If DVT or PE strikes, anticlotting drugs (anticoagulants) can treat it. Some people may need to take anticoagulants indefinitely to prevent a second vein clot. A new generation of anticoagulants are becoming available that are easier to use and may be more effective than the standard medication, called warfarin (Coumadin).   (Locked) More »

What causes dry eyes?

Symptoms of dry eye include burning, redness, excessive tearing, and the sensation that you have something stuck in your eye. First try treating it with over-the-counter artificial tears. If that fails, prescription medications may be necessary. (Locked) More »

Headaches from headache medication?

If you have a new or worsening headache, see a doctor. Chronic headache can be made worse by overuse of pain medications. The cure is to stop taking the medications entirely, with use of other drugs to help ease you through medication withdrawal. (Locked) More »

Mind and memory supplement scorecard

People take a variety of dietary supplements to improve mental functioning and memory, but trustworthy scientific evidence is lacking. One exception is vitamin E, which at high enough doses may slightly slow the progression of dementia. Supplements that people often ask their doctors about include B vitamins (folic acid, B6, and B12), antioxidants (vitamins C and E, coenzyme Q10), herbal supplements (huperzine A, ginkgo biloba), and nutraceuticals (omega-3 fatty acids, curcumin, coconut oil). Exercise and a heart-healthy lifestyle can help to maintain your mind and memory. More »

Your PSA test result: What's next?

When used to check for hidden prostate cancer, the PSA test does not offer a clear and unambiguous result. The test indicates only that a person may have cancer, but a biopsy is required to confirm the actual presence of cancer. If your doctor is concerned about your PSA test result, he or she might suggest additional testing to rule out noncancerous causes and to further assess your cancer risk before recommending that you undergo a biopsy.   (Locked) More »

When it's okay to delay hernia surgery

Up to 40% of men develop a groin hernia in their lifetimes. In the past, men were told to have the condition repaired to prevent a potentially dangerous complication, strangulated hernia. But strangulated hernia is actually relatively rare. Unless a hernia is causing distress or limiting a man’s activities, he can safely delay repair indefinitely.   (Locked) More »

Backed-up bowels? Don't get stuck on daily "regularity"

Not having a bowel movement every day does not always indicate a problem. It is more important that bowel movements are free of pain or straining. To address constipation, first make sure you get adequate dietary fiber. Use fiber supplements if it is not possible to get sufficient fiber from food. Also check for the constipating effects of common medications. If you must use a laxative, start with gentle osmotic laxatives and avoid stimulant laxatives.   (Locked) More »

Healthy living after 75

The keys to longevity after 75 are to maintain a healthy weight, don't smoke or drink, maintain a web of social connections, and enjoy regular leisure-time physical activities. (Locked) More »