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The higher your chances of having a heart attack or ischemic stroke, the more important it is to take aspirin every day; the lower your chances, the less important it is. Several online calculators have been developed to help estimate your odds.
The most commonly used heart attack calculator was developed by the Framingham Heart Study. A good one is the risk assessment tool made available by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.
The newer Reynolds Risk Score, one for men and one for women, includes the Framingham variables plus family history and level of C-reactive protein.
Marhsall SJ, Levy SS, Tudor-Locke CE, et al. Translating physical
activity recommendations into a pedometer-based step goal.
Journal of Preventive Medicine 2009; 36(5):410-415
Meet the METs, Harvard Health Letter, September 2008
Spronk S, Bosch JL, den Hoed PT, Veen HF, Pattynama PM, Hunink
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A researcher has determined that the recommended "moderate
intensity" exercise level can be accomplished by walking at least
100 steps per minute. An inexpensive pedometer can help you
determine your walking speed.
Angioplasty can be used as a treatment for intermittent
claudication in leg veins. While the results are quicker,
equivalent benefits can be achieved with an exercise program
combined with medication, without the risk and recovery period of
A transient ischemic attack is similar to a stroke. While it may be over quickly, it must be treated as a serious medical condition. Prompt attention and treatment may prevent the subsequent occurrence of a full-fledged stroke.
Taking a daily aspirin can help prevent heart attacks in men and strokes in women, but not everyone who takes aspirin should do so, because aspirin may increase the risk of stomach bleeding.
People with atrial fibrillation benefit from aggressive blood
pressure control, resulting in fewer deaths from stroke and other
In 2006 Americans spent more than $190 billion on heart-related
health care issues, nearly one-fifth of total health care costs
Brief reports on giving proper attention to high triglycerides,
undermining cardiovascular drug therapy with unhealthy lifestyle
choices, and an apparent bonus from taking a statin: reduced risk
of blood clots.
After being diagnosed with high blood pressure several years ago,
I started taking diltiazem and Atacand. The results were good,
giving me an average blood pressure of 110/65. I recently
developed gastroenteritis and aspiration pneumonia. While I was
in the hospital, my blood pressure got so low I was told to stop
taking these medications. I have been off them since, and my
blood pressure has remained normal, averaging 105/65. How can
this be? Will high blood pressure return?
Why is heart disease still on the rise despite the incredible
increase in the number of people taking cholesterol-lowering
drugs and the more than 30 years of "low-fat" propaganda?
I am due to have a colonoscopy. My cardiologist told me that I
will need to stop taking Coumadin, which I take for atrial
fibrillation, a few days before the procedure and get some
injections. Is that really necessary?
Since having a heart attack, I have been taking lisinopril,
Zocor, Plavix, aspirin, a multivitamin, fish oil, calcium,
vitamin D, coenzyme Q10, chia oil, B-50 complex, grape seed
extract, Nu-Zymes, Natural Energy supplement, Super C22, and
astragalus. I am thinking of taking a brain booster called
Procera AVH. Will it interfere with my heart medications?