Migraines are a particularly disabling form of headache because
they launch a four-tiered attack—the prodrome (or preheadache),
aura (flashing lights or other visual phenomena), actual
migraine, and “headache hangover.” Researchers still aren’t sure
exactly what causes migraines, but women are three times more
likely to get migraine headaches than men, in part because of the
hormone estrogen. Treatments such as triptans, blood pressure
drugs, and antidepressants, as well as newer therapies like Botox
and alternative remedies, can help with chronic migraines.
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