Strengthening the core muscles can help improve one’s balance. The core muscles are located in the hips, back, and abdomen. A strong core also improves posture; reduces stress and pain in the lower back; and improves athletic performance, such as swinging a golf club. Strengthening usually includes strenuous exercises such as planks, sit-ups, push-ups, and crunches for younger people. For older people, core strengthening can be as simple as small, repetitive movements, such front and side standing leg lifts to strengthen the abs, shoulder blade squeezes to strengthen the scapulae, and a pelvic tilt to strengthen the abs.
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