Deep- vein thrombosis (DVT) refers to clots that form in the large veins of the arms, legs, or pelvis. A clot that breaks off and blocks blood flow in the lungs can cause a deadly condition called pulmonary embolism (PE). Addressing risk factors for heart disease help to prevent both DVT and PE: Eat a healthy diet, don’t smoke, and exercise regularly. If DVT or PE strikes, anticlotting drugs (anticoagulants) can treat it. Some people may need to take anticoagulants indefinitely to prevent a second vein clot. A new generation of anticoagulants are becoming available that are easier to use and may be more effective than the standard medication, called warfarin (Coumadin).
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