Recent Blog Articles

Medications that can cause urinary incontinence

August 28, 2019

a88d62cd-f957-4139-b72e-0ab649e92ae916207266917453

Urinary incontinence, or the loss of bladder control, can be caused by various health conditions and physical changes, such as childbirth, changes in diet, infection, prostate issues, menopause, and neurological disorders. But there are also a number of medications can cause urinary incontinence in both men and women in a variety of different ways.

Medication

Effect

Symptoms

Diuretics such as hydrochlorothiazide (Esidrix, Hydrodiuril, Oretic), furosemide (Lasix), bumetanide (Bumex), triamterene with hydrochlorothiazide (Maxzide)

Increase urine production by the kidney

Frequent urination, overactive bladder, stress incontinence

Muscle relaxants and sedatives such as diazepam (Valium), chlordiazepoxide (Librium), lorazepam (Ativan)

Cause sedation or drowsiness; relax the urethra

Frequent urination, stress incontinence, lack of concern or desire to use the toilet

Narcotics such as oxycodone (Percocet), meperidine (Demerol), morphine

Cause sedation or drowsiness; relax the bladder, causing it to retain urine

Lack of concern or desire to use the toilet, difficulty in starting urinary stream, straining to void, voiding with a weak stream, leaking between urinations, frequency incontinence

Antihistamines such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl) and chlorpheniramine (Chlor-Trimeton)

Relax the bladder, causing it to retain urine

Overflow incontinence

Alpha-adrenergic antagonists such as terazosin (Hytrin), doxazosin (Cardura)

Relax the muscle at the outlet of the bladder

Leaking when coughing, sneezing, laughing, exercising, etc.

From Better Bladder and Bowel Control, Harvard Health Publishing

Image: Thinkstock

Disclaimer:

As a service to our readers, Harvard Health Publishing provides access to our library of archived content. Please note the date of last review or update on all articles. No content on this site, regardless of date, should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinician.

Harvard Health Publishing Logo

Thanks for visiting. Don't miss your FREE gift.

The Best Diets for Cognitive Fitness, is yours absolutely FREE when you sign up to receive Health Alerts from Harvard Medical School

Sign up to get tips for living a healthy lifestyle, with ways to fight inflammation and improve cognitive health, plus the latest advances in preventative medicine, diet and exercise, pain relief, blood pressure and cholesterol management, and more.

Harvard Health Publishing Logo

Health Alerts from Harvard Medical School

Get helpful tips and guidance for everything from fighting inflammation to finding the best diets for weight loss...from exercises to build a stronger core to advice on treating cataracts. PLUS, the latest news on medical advances and breakthroughs from Harvard Medical School experts.

BONUS! Sign up now and
get a FREE copy of the
Best Diets for Cognitive Fitness

Harvard Health Publishing Logo

Stay on top of latest health news from Harvard Medical School.

Plus, get a FREE copy of the Best Diets for Cognitive Fitness.