Harvard Women's Health Watch

Sunscreens: New wave in sun protection: Blocking ultraviolet A


New wave in sun protection: Blocking ultraviolet A

Many of us are careful to look for a high sun protection factor (SPF) when we buy sunscreens, moisturizers, and makeup. But here's the rub: SPF only measures protection from one type of harmful rays — the so-called ultraviolet B (UVB) rays that cause sunburn. Unfortunately, sunburn protection doesn't equal skin cancer prevention. UVB was once regarded as the main culprit in skin cancer as well as in sunburn, but experts now think that light waves in the ultraviolet A (UVA) part of the spectrum are no less important in contributing to skin cancer. UVA, which penetrates the skin more deeply than UVB, also contributes to skin aging.

You can buy sunscreens that claim to block both UVA and UVB, but there's little FDA regulation of such claims — and still no rating system (like SPF) to measure or compare a sunscreen's effectiveness against UVA. (As of this writing, the FDA has been working on one for several years.) Several ingredients are approved for blocking or absorbing UVA, but most have shortcomings. For example, methyl anthranilate doesn't filter out enough UVA. Avobenzone is a good UVA blocker, but tends to break down in sunlight. Other ingredients can be difficult to incorporate in a lotion or cream.

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