The trillions of microbes found in the human gut, known as the gut microbiota, interact with the foods people eat and may influence their risk of diabetes, obesity, and cardiovascular disease. Altering the gut microbiota might one day lead to personalized diet recommendations or other therapies to lower heart disease risk. For now, experts say that eating a plant-based diet tends to create a healthier, more diverse gut microbiota than eating a typical American diet.
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