Falls can cause major bone fractures, which are dangerous. Fear of falling can be positive if it leads to taking steps to improve balance and bone strength. Walking and other leg-strengthening exercise improves balance. Following basic guidelines for calcium and vitamin D intake are recommended to maintain bone strength. Strong bones are less likely to fracture if a fall occurs. Medications that can cause dizziness and the use of bifocals and trifocals that can blur the walking surface can also lead to falls. Making changes in the home environment, such as installing bathtub grab bars, can reduce fall risk.
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