There are many ways to build bone mass and reduce fracture risks. Weight-bearing activities and strength training exert force on the bones, which stimulates them to become stronger. Consuming calcium helps make strong bones, and taking vitamin D aids calcium absorption. Medications called bisphosphonates can help to reduce fractures, but do have rare side effects. Lifestyle change can also protect bone health, such as quitting smoking, limiting alcohol intake, and removing fall hazards in the home.
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