Recent Blog Articles
HIV rates rising: Could new forms of PrEP help?
Careful! Scary health news can be harmful to your health
Post-pandemic weight loss: There’s an app for that
Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia by telemedicine: Is it as good as in-person treatment?
Prediabetes diagnosis as an older adult: What does it really mean?
Is blood sugar monitoring without diabetes worthwhile?
Large review study finds low risk of erectile dysfunction after prostate biopsy
Does exercise help protect against severe COVID-19?
A new Alzheimer’s drug has been approved. But should you take it?
Need physical therapy? 3 key questions your PT will ask
In brief: Insulin by inhaler: new option for diabetes treatment
Insulin by inhaler: New option for diabetes treatment
For the first time since the introduction of insulin more than 80 years ago, a non-injectable way of taking the hormone will be available. Exubera, a fast-acting inhaled insulin, was approved by the FDA in January 2006 and should be on the market by mid-year. Pfizer, which developed the drug and inhaler with Sanofi-Aventis and Nektar Therapeutics, says that a needle-free option will benefit people with diabetes who need insulin but delay treatment because they fear the injections.
More than five million people in the United States must inject insulin daily. People with type 1 diabetes, a form that usually develops at an early age, stop producing insulin. People with type 2 diabetes, which usually shows up in adulthood and is linked to obesity, continue to make insulin, but the body doesn’t respond normally. This “insulin resistance” causes blood sugar to rise. Blood sugars that remain out of control can result in serious complications, including heart disease, kidney failure, vision loss, and nerve damage. Insulin therapy is the only option for people with type 1. Type 2 diabetes can usually be managed through diet, exercise, and oral medications, but some people also need insulin injections.
To continue reading this article, you must log in.
Subscribe to Harvard Health Online for immediate access to health news and information from Harvard Medical School.
- Research health conditions
- Check your symptoms
- Prepare for a doctor's visit or test
- Find the best treatments and procedures for you
- Explore options for better nutrition and exercise
I'd like to receive access to Harvard Health Online for only $4.99 a month.Sign Me Up
Already a member? Login ».
As a service to our readers, Harvard Health Publishing provides access to our library of archived content. Please note the date of last review or update on all articles. No content on this site, regardless of date, should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinician.