Cataract surgery is considered routine. It involves replacing the eye’s cloudy lens with a new artificial lens. Advances in technology include the use of lasers and 3D imaging, and intraoperative wavefront aberrometry, which measures the total refractive error of the eye. Medicare does not yet cover the costs of most of advanced cataract surgery technologies. Complications such as severe vision loss, bleeding, and infection are rare. Studies on animals have suggested that someday it may be possible to prevent and reverse cataracts with eye drops.
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