Fine-Needle Aspiration (FNA) of the breast

What is the test?

A doctor can do fine needle aspiration in the office by inserting a slender needle into the area of concern and drawing out (aspirating) either fluid from a cyst or a small amount of tissue from a solid mass. Cells from a mass, and sometimes fluid from a cyst, is then sent for microscopic evaluation to determine whether cancer is present. Fine needle aspiration is most commonly used to drain a breast cyst that feels tender or sore. If the cyst is a simple cyst (one that looks clear in an ultrasound exam) and isn't tender, it doesn't require aspiration.

How do I prepare for the test?

Tell your doctor if you're allergic to lidocaine or similar local anesthetics. Otherwise, no preparation is necessary.

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