Vision Articles

Stay behind the wheel longer

Aging may affect vision, hearing, coordination, thinking, visuospatial skills, or reaction time, any of which can have a direct impact on driving. Driver assessment programs help people overcome weaknesses behind the wheel. Some programs take a team approach with social workers, occupational therapists, and neuropsychologists who evaluate a person’s driving history, family concerns, overall health, cognitive function, and driving reflexes. A road test is also involved. The team then recommends if it’s time to stop driving or brush up on certain skills. More »

Ask the doctor: Blurry vision and headache

In people over the age of 60, temporary blurred vision can be sign of a transient ischemic attack (TIA), also called a mini-stroke. If the blurred vision is accompanied by a headache, it could indicate a migraine, especially in people younger than 60. More »

Protect your vision from glaucoma

Glaucoma is a leading cause of vision loss among older men. Most cases are caused by high pressure inside the eyeball, which damages the nerve that connects the eye to the brain. People with glaucoma may also have eye pressure in the normal range, but the treatment is still to take medication, often in the form of eye drops, to reduce eye pressure. Detecting and treating glaucoma early can slow down vision loss. Some people may need extra help from laser or surgical procedures. It’s important to learn how to apply medications as instructed to get maximum benefit from drug treatment. (Locked) More »

Did youthful fun in the sun put you at risk for an eye condition now?

It’s debated whether sunlight directly causes common eye conditions. But there’s good evidence that sun exposure can cause an eye condition called exfoliation syndrome, which often leads to other problems. The condition leaves tiny dandruff-like flakes throughout the body, but mostly in the eye, where a buildup clogs the eye’s natural drains. The best way to stop exfoliation syndrome and other eye conditions from ruining vision is to catch them early with a comprehensive eye exam. (Locked) More »

Macular degeneration

Macular degeneration is the leading cause of vision loss among people age 50 and older. It is also called age-related macular degeneration. Macular degeneration damages the macula, which provides sharp, central vision. The macula is the most sensitive part of the retina. It is located at the back of the eye. The retina turns light into electrical signals and then sends them through the optic nerve to the brain, where they are translated into the images we see.  When the macula is damaged, the center of vision may appear blurry, distorted, or dark. Damage caused by macular degeneration can interfere with: More »

How you can drive safely at night

Age-related changes in vision aren’t great enough to keep older people from driving at night. Having regular eye exams and taking measures to reduce glare are important. It’s also important to stay off the road at sunrise and sunset. (Locked) More »

Protect your vision to protect your independence

If not corrected, vision problems can lead to many complications, such as trouble reading medication labels, difficulty driving, and an increased risk of falls. It's crucial to have comprehensive eye exams to catch common eye conditions. (Locked) More »

Ask the doctor: What are floaters?

Floaters are spots or lines that drift across vision. They are not usually that worrisome, but sometimes precede detachment of the light-sensing retina from the back of the eye. (Locked) More »

Dry eye syndrome

Almost everyone's eyes become irritated from time to time. For individuals with dry eye syndrome, this irritation is part of every day life. Dry eye syndrome is caused by a decline in the production of tears. This causes irritation, burning, or a scratchy feeling in the eye. Sometimes mucus accumulates, causing a sticky sensation. When the problem is severe, it can feel like sand is in the eyes. People with dry eye syndrome may become sensitive to light, have trouble wearing contact lenses, or even find it difficult to cry. Dry eye syndrome affects more than eight million people in the United States. It is more common in women and usually starts in middle age. People with allergies are more susceptible to dry eye syndrome. The condition may accompany autoimmune diseases such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis. A shortage of tears is also one of the symptoms of Sjögren's syndrome, a disorder of the immune system that causes dryness of the mouth, eyes, and mucous membranes. More »