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Two pneumonia vaccinations are available. The newest one, Prevnar 13, stimulates higher antibody levels. Research is under way to find out if the new vaccine works better. Everyone over 65 or at risk of pneumonia complications should be vaccinated.
All adults are advised to get flu vaccines each year. However, immunization doesn’t last a lifetime, so you should check to see if all of your vaccinations are current. You need a tetanus booster every 10 years. All adults 65 or older should get the pneumonia shot once (and a second time after age 65 if the first shot was given when they were younger than 65). The Food and Drug Administration recently approved the shingles vaccine for people ages 50 and older; however, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices continues to recommend that vaccination begin at age 60.
Older people still need immunizations, including vaccines against
pneumonia; influenza; tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (every
10 years); and possibly shingles.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention revises its
immunization guidelines every year. No new vaccines have been
added but there are some changes for 2011, in particular ones
that apply to people at middle age or older. Here's a quick
summary which includes flu shots, Tetanus, diphtheria, and
and meningococcal vaccine.
For people who have had shingles, the question of whether or not to get the vaccine to prevent a recurrence is not easily answered. Some pretty good data suggests that the risk of recurrence is quite high and, particularly if you've had a bad case, getting the vaccination would seem to be a prudent precaution. But it's also possible to make a case for the evidence not being all that solid.
Vaccines have been approved for adults that protect against shingles and whooping cough.
A vaccine aims to prevent cervical cancer by fighting the strains of human papillomavirus that cause it. The CDC recommends the vaccine be given before puberty, because it is more effective if received before exposure to HPV.