The average man pays less attention to his health than the average woman. Compared to women, men are more likely to
- drink alcohol and use tobacco
- make risky choices
- not see a doctor for regular checkups
Men are assailed by the diseases that can affect anyone—heart disease, stroke, diabetes, cancer, depression… But they also have unique issues such as prostate cancer and benign prostate enlargement.
Many of the major health risks that men face can be prevented with a healthy lifestyle: regular exercise, a healthy diet, not smoking, stress reduction, and alcohol consumption in the moderate range (no more than two drinks a day) if at all. Regular checkups and screening tests can spot disease early, when it is easiest to treat.
So don't be an average man — get on board with protecting your health today.
Men's Health Articles
In men without cardiovascular disease, erectile dysfunction (ED) pills are very safe. The three rivals -- Viagra, Cialis, and Levitra -- have similar side effects, including headache, facial flushing, nasal congestion, diarrhea, backache, and, in a few Viagra or Levitra users, temporary impaired color vision (men with retinitis pigmentosa, a rare eye disease, should check with their ophthalmologists before using these medications).
Headaches and blue vision are one thing, cardiac abnormalities, quite another. Are ED pills safe for the heart?
These drugs are safe for healthy hearts, but all men with cardiovascular disease should take special precautions, and some cannot use them under any circumstances. The problem is their effect on arteries. All arteries, not just those in the penis, generate nitric oxide, so any artery can widen in response to Viagra, Levitra, or Cialis, causing blood pressure to drop temporarily by 5-8 mmHg, even in healthy men.
While a minor cut will eventually stop bleeding, a severe injury may require elevation and direct pressure on the wound. The goals of first-aid treatment are to control bleeding and prevent infection. If disposable surgical gloves are readily available, use them.
How to Stop a Nosebleed
When you are alone and have to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), your primary effort should be compressing the chest to help the person's heart pump blood. If there is a second person helping, providing breaths can be done at the same time as compressions are performed.
The brief review of CPR on the following pages can help you in an emergency; however, this information should not take the place of a certified course in CPR.
Immediate care Assess the situation. Call out for someone to get help or call 911 yourself if the person does not seem to need immediate assistance. You can determine this by gently shaking the person and asking in a loud voice, "Are you OK?" If there is no response, begin CPR and continue until help arrives.
This list describes your priorities in an emergency situation. Follow these steps:
This position helps a semiconscious or unconscious person breathe and permits fluids to drain from the nose and throat so they are not breathed in. If the person is unconscious or semiconscious after you have done everything on the Emergency Checklist, move the person into the recovery position while waiting for help to arrive.
Do not use the recovery position if the person has a major injury, such as a back or neck injury
Broken bones (fractures) are usually not life-threatening. A fracture may not be visible to you through the skin. Symptoms include intense pain, swelling, increased pain when trying to move the injured area, or bleeding. A broken bone always requires medical attention.
Immediate careCall out for someone to get help, or call 911 yourself. Do not move or straighten the broken bone. Splinting is not necessary unless the person needs to be moved without assistance from ambulance personnel or unless the fracture has blocked blood supply to the limb. If the fracture site is deformed and the skin beyond the site of the fracture is cold, pale, and blue, pull gently lengthwise on the limb to straighten the fracture and then splint the limb.
How to Make a Sling
Men: Don't be surprised if a discussion with your doctor about erection problems veers into a talk about your heart, or vice versa. Problems getting or keeping an erection may be a red flag for heart trouble down the road, and many men with heart disease have sexual concerns they aren't talking about.
The connection between heart disease and erection problems (doctors call it erectile dysfunction) isn't far-fetched at all. Both follow the same age-related trajectory and become increasingly common from age 45 onward. They even share common causes.
A study of middle-aged California men begun many years ago shows that smoking, overweight, and high cholesterol or high triglycerides — all risk factors for heart disease — were also linked with erection problems 25 years later.
Over the past month, how often have you had a sensation of not emptying your bladder completely after you finished urinating?
Over the past month, how often have you had to urinate again less than two hours after you finished urinating?
Over the past month, how often have you found you stopped and started again several times when you urinated?
Over the past month, how often have you found it difficult to postpone urination?
Over the past month, how often have you had a weak urinary stream?
Over the past month, how often have you had to push or strain to begin urination?
Over the past month, how many times did you most typically get up to urinate from the time you went to bed at night until the time you got up in the morning?
If you were to spend the rest of your life with your urinary condition just the way it is now, how would you feel about that?
Have you had blood in your urine, or urinary tract infections?
Have you ever had surgery on your prostate, bladder, or kidneys?
Do you have gastrointestinal problems such as diverticulitis or constipation?
Do you have diabetes?
Does anyone in your family have diabetes?
Have you been unusually thirsty or had unintentional weight loss?
Have you ever had a stroke or nervous system disease?
Have you ever had a back injury or back surgery?
What medications are you taking (prescription and over-the-counter)?
What do you know about medical and surgical treatment options used in the treatment of benign prostatic enlargement?
Do you know the side effects that can occur with medications?
Do you know the complications associated with surgery?
Do you know how much benefit you can expect from each type of treatment?
Do you know the risks of waiting, and doing nothing at all?
Digital rectal examination
Urinalysis (for glucose, red blood cells, white blood cells, and bacteria)
Blood tests (for kidney function and prostate-specific antigen or PSA)
Ultrasound of the bladder after you urinate (post void residual)
Ultrasound of the kidneys
Pelvic CT scan
Do you smoke cigarettes?
Have you been screened for other medical problems such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure, heart disease, and diabetes?
Do you exercise regularly? How much? How often?
Do you have a neurologic disease or sickle-cell disease?
Are you taking any medications (prescription or over-the-counter)?
Has your erectile dysfunction worsened since starting any new medications?
What effect is your erectile dysfunction having on your relationship? Your self-esteem?
How long have you had erectile problems?
Do you have erectile problems sometimes or all of the time?
Have you ever had any psychologically stressful sexual experiences?
Are you less interested in sex (diminished libido)?
Are you having difficulty achieving an erection or sustaining it?
Do you ever awaken with early morning or nocturnal erections?
Do you have pain with erections?
Penile bumps or lumps?
History of penile trauma?
History of pelvic surgery?
What are your goals in receiving treatment?
What therapies have you tried?
Do you know how much benefit you can expect from medical therapies?
Do you know the side effects and important drug interactions?
Pulses in the groin and feet
Blood tests (complete blood count or CBC, glucose, cholesterol panels, thyroid function tests, prolactin level)
Blood testosterone level (if libido is decreased)
Nocturnal penile tumescence (NPT)
Neurologic testing (nerve condition studies)
Your doctor may decide to do some vascular tests to establish whether the arteries that supply blood to the penis during erections are narrowed.