Drugs & Medications

Drugs & Medications Articles

What to do when medication makes you constipated

Many medications can contribute to constipation. Common offenders include antidepressants, opioids, calcium-channel blockers, and anticholinergics. Older adults can be more susceptible to the constipation side effect of medications. Constipation symptoms include having bowel movements fewer than three times a week; having hard or small, lumpy stools; having stools that are hard to pass; straining; having painful bowel movements; or having the sensation of incomplete emptying after a bowel movement. Long-term treatment options include prescription medications, over-the-counter remedies, fiber supplements, and an increase in dietary fiber. More »

Clot prevention with a mechanical heart valve

For people with mechanical heart valves who must take clot-preventing drugs, warfarin is currently the only option. Newer anti-clotting drugs known as NOACs have not been proven safe for people with mechanical valves. (Locked) More »

Defend yourself from diverticulitis

About half of Americans ages 60 to 80 have diverticulosis, a condition in which pea-sized pouches, called diverticula, bulge outward from the colon. Most of the time the pouches don’t cause any problems, but if the diverticula become inflamed or infected, the result is diverticulitis, which produces symptoms like fever, nausea, vomiting, and pain or tenderness in the lower left abdomen. Drinking plenty of fluids and eating a high-fiber diet can help prevent the problem. More »

Learn the risks of sleep aids

There are many ways to get more sleep. One way is to stop eating, drinking, or exercising too close to bedtime. Another way is to limit napping to about 40 minutes in the middle of the day. People who have signs of sleep apnea, such as gasping for breath during sleep, should report the symptoms to a doctor. There really is such as thing as a sleep debt, and the amount of sleep that is lost takes the same amount to restore the debt. More »

Rethinking good cholesterol

Long known as the “good” cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol seems to be more of a bystander than a beneficial molecule when it comes to preventing heart disease. People with genetic mutations that cause high HDL don’t have fewer heart attacks than those without those mutations. And five major clinical trials that sought to raise HDL levels with drugs have failed to lower heart disease risk. More »

When is heavy sweating a problem?

Excessive sweating is often a result because the body produces excess heat, like an overactive thyroid. Injuries to the nervous system, such as diabetic neuropathy or a spinal cord injury, also can trigger sweating in the damaged nerves area. However, the most common explanation for sudden onset of excessive perspiration is a new medication. (Locked) More »