Diseases & Conditions

The human body is a remarkable structure. It's designed to efficiently manage the wear and tear of everyday life and fend off all sorts of threats. Most of us are healthy for most of our lives. But we're also susceptible to hundreds of injuries, diseases, and conditions. Some are quite common, others are extremely rare. Here are some of the most common conditions that affect humans.


Diseases & Conditions Articles

Does your heart need a valve job?

In aortic stenosis, calcium deposits build up on the aortic valve, causing it to stiffen and narrow. Symptoms include shortness of breath during activity, feeling lightheaded or faint, and sometimes chest pain. About three to four of every 100 people ages 75 and older have severe aortic stenosis. Replacing the valve, which is usually done with minimally invasive surgery, is the only treatment option. (Locked) More »

You’ll breathe easier with an asthma action plan

Asthma is an inflammatory disease of the airways. The condition restricts airflow and makes breathing difficult. Because these breathing problems may come on suddenly during a flare-up or an attack, it helps to have an asthma action plan. This plan keeps you and others informed about the strategies you've worked out with your doctor for asthma management. About the asthma action plan More »

New thinking about urinary tract infections

Treating a urinary tract infection (UTI) in an older adult can be complicated. Symptoms may include a burning feeling with urination, a sense of urgency to urinate, increased frequency of urination, and confusion. But some UTI symptoms are similar to those of other conditions in older age. Doctors say that anyone with new classic symptoms should probably be treated for a UTI. However, if the only symptom is confusion, considering other causes or waiting a day or two to see if the UTI resolves may be appropriate. More »

Is there hope for leg cramp sufferers?

Quinine, the best-established therapy for leg cramps, is associated with serious side effects. There is some evidence that vitamin B–complex capsules and diltiazem (Cardizem, Dilacor XR) may be effective, but insufficient evidence to recommend leg stretches. (Locked) More »

What is holding you back from better hearing?

People avoid hearings test for many reasons, such as believing that hearing aids are for old people, or that problems are the result of other people mumbling. Understanding the realities of such concerns can help people make better decisions about whether to seek help. For example, someone who believes that hearing aids are ugly may not realize that today’s hearing aids are smaller than those of the past and that the devices are available in many different styles, such as in-the-ear and over-the-ear. (Locked) More »

What is inflammation?

Inflammation is the body’s natural reaction against injury and infection. But chronic inflammation can contribute to the buildup of fatty plaque inside arteries, setting the stage for heart disease. More »