Diseases & Conditions

The human body is a remarkable structure. It's designed to efficiently manage the wear and tear of everyday life and fend off all sorts of threats. Most of us are healthy for most of our lives. But we're also susceptible to hundreds of injuries, diseases, and conditions. Some are quite common, others are extremely rare. Here are some of the most common conditions that affect humans.


Diseases & Conditions Articles

What’s causing that belly bloat?

Increasing evidence suggests that most people with bloating have an abnormal response to a normal amount of gas. This problem is called visceral hypersensitivity. However, bloating can also result from an underlying condition, such as irritable bowel syndrome or a condition called gastroparesis; from a reaction to diet; or possibly from an overgrowth of bacteria in the small intestine. To treat bloating, doctors first eliminate underlying conditions and diet issues. If that doesn’t resolve bloat, doctors may consider sensory issues as a cause of bloating. (Locked) More »

A deeper look at psoriasis

Psoriasis, a common skin condition, affects more men than women. While it doesn’t affect everyone the same way, the approach to treatment and prevention is often similar. There is no cure yet for psoriasis. The optimal goal of treatment is to reduce affected areas to 1% or less of the body surface area within three months, and to manage triggers to help prevent future outbreaks. (Locked) More »

Bracing for flu season: Steps to protect yourself right now

Flu shots are not guaranteed to keep someone from getting influenza. Sometimes the shot is not a good match for the viruses that cause epidemics. Still, older adults should get the trivalent or quadrivalent flu shot, especially people who have diabetes or heart, lung, or kidney disease, or who take medication that suppresses the immune system. Other anti-flu precautions include washing hands often (with soap and warm water or hand sanitizer if soap is unavailable), and covering the mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing. (Locked) More »

Is that brain fog really adult ADHD?

Sometimes older adults have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and don’t realize that symptoms such as forgetfulness and disorganization are linked to this condition. It’s possible that lifelong symptoms have been kept in check by structured, busy lifestyles. When structure fades away in retirement, symptoms may become more pronounced. An evaluation with a psychiatrist or psychologist can help. Medication is a mainstay of treatment for the attention challenges in ADHD, but behavior changes may be enough to help an older adult with ADHD cope with symptoms. (Locked) More »

What’s causing those swollen feet?

Sometimes swollen feet are a sign of an underlying problem. Swelling may signal vascular conditions, such as heart failure, venous insufficiency, deep-vein thrombosis, phlebitis, or liver disease or kidney disease. Swollen feet can also result when a person breaks a bone in the foot or develops tendinitis. Symptoms should be reported to a doctor if there’s so much swelling that it leaves an indentation when a finger is pressed into it, if it has developed suddenly, lasts for more than a few days, affects just one foot, or is accompanied by pain or discoloration of the skin. More »

Why wound healing gets harder as we age

Wounds in older adults can take a long time to heal. Treatment involves a combination of approaches such as debridement, special dressings, keeping pressure off the wound, exercising, taking a multivitamin, and eating a healthy diet with the recommended amounts of protein. Because wounds are tricky, it’s important to try to prevent them by switching positions often; keeping an eye out for nicks, cuts, and early signs of pressure wounds; and controlling conditions that can lead to wounds, such as diabetes and venous insufficiency. (Locked) More »