References for "Eating disorders in adult women"

Brandsma L. "Eating Disorders Across the Lifespan," Journal of Women & Aging (Jan./Feb. 2007): Vol.19, No 1–2, pp. 155–72. Hay PJ, et al. "Eating Disorder Behaviors Are Increasing: Findings from Two Sequential Community Surveys in South Australia," PLoS One (FEB. 6, 2008): Vol. 3, No. 2, electronic publication. Park J, et al. "Eating Attitudes and Their Correlates Among Canadian Women Concerned About Their Weight," European Eating Disorders Review (July 2007); Vol.15, No. 4, pp. 311–20. (Locked) More »

References for "Why coffee perks people up"

Lucas M, et al. "Coffee, Caffeine, and Risk of Depression Among Women," Archives of Internal Medicine (Sept. 26, 2011): Vol. 171, No. 17, pp. 1571–78. Tanskanen A, et al. "Heavy Coffee Drinking and the Risk of Suicide," European Journal of Epidemiology (Sept. 2000): Vol.16, No. 9, pp. 789–91. (Locked) More »

Eating disorders in adult women

For some, aging may bring on — or rekindle — an eating disorder. Most people who develop eating disorders — an estimated 90% — are female. Typically associated with adolescents and young women, eating disorders also affect middle-aged or elderly women — although, until fairly recently, not much was known about prevalence in this older age group. Secrecy and shame are part of the disorder, and women may not seek help. This is particularly true if they fear being forced to gain unwanted weight or stigmatized as an older woman with a "teenager's disease." Despite underdiagnosis of eating disorders in older people, clinicians at treatment centers specializing in such issues report that they've seen an upswing in requests for help from older women. Some of these women have struggled with disordered eating for decades, while for others the problem is new. The limited amount of research on this topic suggests that such anecdotal reports may reflect a trend. In community surveys conducted in 1995 and again in 2005, for example, Australian researchers found that while younger women reported eating disorder behaviors more often than older women did, the rate of these disorders in older women increased dramatically between the two surveys, while it remained stable for young women. In women ages 65 and over, strict dieting, fasting, and binge eating all tripled, while purging quadrupled. In the same surveys, rates of strict dieting or fasting and purging also increased dramatically in women ages 45 to 64. A study of Canadian women surveyed in the general population likewise found that women ages 45 to 64 were more likely to binge on food, feel guilty about eating, and be preoccupied with food compared with younger women. (Locked) More »

Anxiety and gambling

Anxiety can fuel a gambling problem. A book offers advice. Gambling and anxiety often go hand in hand. The 2001–2002 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, as well as other research, suggests that among people with the most severe type of gambling problems — what mental health professionals label pathological gambling — more than 11% are dealing with a generalized anxiety disorder, almost 15% are suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder, nearly 22% are dealing with a panic disorder, and 52% are struggling with a specific phobia. Many people gamble as a way of managing anxiety. As they gamble, people often report being separated from their anxious feelings or projecting their feelings of anxiety onto the excitement they feel when they partake in their gambling activity of choice. As a result, gambling can work its way into the fabric of their everyday life, and the impulse to gamble can overwhelm the rest of their lives. Thus, for many gamblers, reducing anxiety is a prerequisite to making any changes in gambling behavior. Fortunately, there are several techniques that can make a tremendous difference in alleviating anxiety. (Locked) More »

Why coffee perks people up

A study suggests that coffee not only wakes people up, but also may offer some protection against depression. What's less clear is why this might be. Researchers at the Harvard School of Public Health and Brigham and Women's Hospital analyzed data collected from nearly 51,000 women participating in the Nurses' Health Study, all free of depression in 1996. The researchers then determined how many of the women had developed depression a decade later and compared their caffeine intake to determine whether it affected risk. (They also controlled for other health and lifestyle factors such as weight, cigarette smoking, and exercise.) By 2006, 2,607 women were diagnosed with depression or had started taking antidepressants. The researchers found an inverse dose-response relationship between caffeine intake and mood: the more caffeine a woman ingested per day, the lower the likelihood that she developed depression during the study period. Women who drank the most caffeinated coffee per day were 20% less likely to develop depression than women who drank the least.  (Locked) More »