References for "Depressed parent, depressed child?"

Beardslee WR, et al. "Long-Term Effects From a Randomized Trial of Two Public Health Preventive Interventions for Parental Depression," Journal of Family Psychology (Dec. 2007): Vol. 21, No. 4, pp. 703–13. Clarke GN, et al. "A Randomized Trial of a Group Cognitive Intervention for Preventing Depression in Adolescent Offspring of Depressed Parents," Archives of General Psychiatry (Dec. 2001): Vol. 58, no. 12, pp. 1127-1134. Compas BE, et al. "Randomized Controlled Trial of a Family Cognitive-Behavioral Preventive Intervention for Children of Depressed Parents," Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology (Dec. 2009): Vol. 77, No. 6, pp. 1007–20. (Locked) More »

References for "In praise of gratitude"

Emmons RA, et al. "Counting Blessings Versus Burdens: An Experimental Investigation of Gratitude and Subjective Well-Being in Daily Life," Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (Feb. 2003): Vol. 84, No. 2, pp. 377–89. Grant AM, et al. "A Little Thanks Goes a Long Way: Explaining Why Gratitude Expressions Motivate Prosocial Behavior," Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (June 2010): Vol. 98, No. 6, pp. 946–55. Lambert NM, et al. "Expressing Gratitude to a Partner Leads to More Relationship Maintenance Behavior," Emotion (Feb. 2011): Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 52–60. (Locked) More »

References for "Seven common memory problems"

Lee BK, et al. "Neighborhood Psychosocial Environment, Apolipoprotein E Genotype, and Cognitive Function in Older Adults," Archives of General Psychiatry (March 2011): Vol. 68, No. 3, pp. 314–21. Merrill DA, et al. "Prevention in Psychiatry: Effects of Healthy Lifestyle on Cognition," Psychiatric Clinics of North America (March 2011): Vol. 34, No. 1, pp. 249–61. Schacter DL. The Seven Sins of Memory: How the Mind Forgets and Remembers (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2001). (Locked) More »

In Praise of Gratitude

The word gratitude is derived from the Latin word gratia, which means grace, graciousness, or gratefulness (depending on the context). In some ways gratitude encompasses all of these meanings. Gratitude is a thankful appreciation for what an individual receives, whether tangible or intangible. With gratitude, people acknowledge the goodness in their lives. In the process, people usually recognize that the source of that goodness lies at least partially outside themselves. As a result, gratitude also helps people connect to something larger than themselves as individuals — whether to other people, nature, or a higher power. In positive psychology research, gratitude is strongly and consistently associated with greater happiness. Gratitude helps people feel more positive emotions, relish good experiences, improve their health, deal with adversity, and build strong relationships. More »

Depressed parent, depressed child?

Depression is one of the most common mental health problems in the United States, affecting about one in six adults at some point. About 7.5 million of those affected each year are parents. When a parent is depressed, the likelihood increases that his or her children will develop this mood disorder as well. In the population as a whole, for example, surveys indicate that about 20% of young people develop depression by age 18. In families where one parent is depressed, however, about 40% of youths develop depression by age 20, and 60% do so by age 25. As with other psychiatric disorders (and health problems in general), part of the reason that offspring of depressed parents develop depression is genetic. But psychological factors also come into play. Parents who are struggling with depression may not be able to cope as well as others with the stress of raising children. Or the sheer physical exhaustion that is typical of depression may prevent them from being able to nurture and support their energetic young ones. Recognizing these challenges, researchers and clinicians have been searching for ways to reduce the burden of depression on parents and children alike. (Locked) More »

Seven common memory problems

Forming and storing a memory is a multistep process that involves several parts of the brain. A memory is not a single entity, like a book on a shelf. Instead, memory is the aggregation of multiple streams of sensory information, filtered through the perception of the person observing or participating in the event. Each of the different components of memory is stored and processed in a different region of the brain. Because memory storage and retrieval is so complex, even healthy people can experience memory loss or memory distortion from time to time. Dr. Daniel Schacter, a professor of psychology at Harvard University, has identified seven common "sins" of memory. Some of these memory flaws become more pronounced with age, but — unless they are extreme and persistent — they are not considered indicators of Alzheimer's disease or other memory-impairing illnesses. (Locked) More »