References for "Cultivating a 'winner's brain'"

Bangert M, et al. "Specialization of the Specialized in Features of External Human Brain Morphology," European Journal of Neuroscience (Sept. 2006): Vol. 24, No. 6, pp. 1832–34. Berr C, et al. "Olive Oil and Cognition: Results from the Three-City Study," Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders (2009): Vol. 28, No. 4, pp. 357–64. Brown J, et al. The Winner's Brain: Eight Strategies Great Minds Use to Achieve Success (Da Capo Press, 2010). (Locked) More »

References for "Pain, anxiety, and depression"

Bair MJ, et al. "Depression and Pain Comorbidity: A Literature Review," Archives of Internal Medicine (Nov. 10, 2003): Vol. 163, No. 20, pp. 2433–45. Bloom F. et al., eds. The Dana Guide to Brain Health (The Dana Press/The Free Press, 2003). Busch AJ, et al. "Exercise for Treating Fibromyalgia Syndrome," Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (Oct. 17, 2007): Doc. No. CD003786. (Locked) More »

References for "Preventing depression in adolescents"

Babiss LA, et al. "Sports Participation as a Protective Factor Against Depression and Suicidal Ideation in Adolescents as Mediated by Self-Esteem and Social Support," Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics (Oct. 2009): Vol. 30, No. 5, pp. 376–84. Gangwisch JE, et al. "Earlier Parental Set Bedtimes as a Protective Factor Against Depression and Suicidal Ideation," Sleep (Jan. 1, 2010): Vol. 33, No. 1, pp. 97–106. Garber J, et al. "Prevention of Depression in At-Risk Adolescents: A Randomized Controlled Trial," Journal of the American Medical Association (June 3, 2009): Vol. 301, No. 21, pp. 2215–24. (Locked) More »

Pain, anxiety, and depression

Everyone experiences pain at some point, but in people with depression or anxiety, pain can become particularly intense and hard to treat. People suffering from depression, for example, tend to experience more severe and long-lasting pain than other people. The overlap of anxiety, depression, and pain is particularly evident in chronic and sometimes disabling pain syndromes such as fibromyalgia, irritable bowel syndrome, low back pain, headaches, and nerve pain. For example, about two-thirds of patients with irritable bowel syndrome who are referred for follow-up care have symptoms of psychological distress, most often anxiety. About 65% of patients seeking help for depression also report at least one type of pain symptom. Psychiatric disorders not only contribute to pain intensity but also to increased risk of disability. Researchers once thought the reciprocal relationship between pain, anxiety, and depression resulted mainly from psychological rather than biological factors. Chronic pain is depressing, and likewise major depression may feel physically painful. But as researchers have learned more about how the brain works, and how the nervous system interacts with other parts of the body, they have discovered that pain shares some biological mechanisms with anxiety and depression. More »

Cultivating a "winner's brain"

Many people want to remain mentally (as well as physically) fit, so that they can perform well at school and at work. A controversial way to improve focus and mental functioning is to take a "smart pill" — the slang term for using prescription stimulants such as amphetamine (Adderall) or methylphenidate (Ritalin, Concerta) to try to boost mental functioning rather than to treat a problem like attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. One survey of U.S. college students found that 7% had used prescription stimulants in an effort to improve academic achievement, for example. But there are nonpharmacological ways to boost mental performance. Jeff Brown, a cognitive behavioral psychologist at Harvard Medical School, and Mark Fenske, a neuroscience researcher at the University of Guelph in Ontario, Canada, have described a set of strategies for remaining mentally sharp even under trying circumstances. In their book, The Winner's Brain: Eight Strategies Great Minds Use to Achieve Success, Drs. Brown and Fenske outline an approach they derive from well-known psychotherapies and discoveries in neuroscience. The strategies they suggest can be applied in the clinic, the classroom, and the workplace. More »

Preventing depression in adolescents

Each year, about 1% to 6% of children and teenagers develop major depression. This mood disorder not only interferes with school achievement and relationships, but also increases the risk of suicide (the third leading cause of death in adolescents). Early onset of depression also raises the risk of developing more severe and chronic symptoms later in life. Several reviews have concluded that interventions to prevent or delay depression are modestly effective, at least in the short term. More recent research suggests that these programs are most effective when offered to those youths most likely to develop depression. (Locked) More »