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Our October 2009 issue included a typo in the KeyPoints box on
page 4 of the print edition. The correct term is
premenstrual dysphoric disorder.
To read the updated version, you can:
Arck PC, et al. "The Alchemy of Immune Privilege Explored from a
Neuroimmunological Perspective," Current Opinions in
Pharmacology (Aug. 2008): Vol. 8, No. 4, pp. 480–89.
Boulanger LM, et al. "Immune Signalling in Neural Development,
Synaptic Plasticity and Disease," Nature Reviews of
Neuroscience (July 2004): Vol. 5, No. 7, pp. 521–31.
Dantzer R, et al. "From Inflammation to Sickness and Depression:
When the Immune System Subjugates the Brain," Nature Reviews
of Neuroscience (Jan. 2008): Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 46–56.
American Psychiatric Association. Practice Guideline for the
Treatment of Patients with Bipolar Disorder, Second Edition
Bendz H. "Kidney Function in Lithium-Treated Patients. A
Literature Survey," Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica (Nov.
1983): Vol. 68, No. 5, pp. 303–24.
Boton R, et al. "Prevalence, Pathogenesis, and Treatment of Renal
Dysfunction Associated with Chronic Lithium Therapy,"
American Journal of Kidney Disease (Nov. 1987): Vol. 10,
No. 5, pp. 329–45.
Roberts NP, et al. "Multiple Session Early Psychological
Interventions for the Prevention of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
(Review)," Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (July
8, 2009): Doc. No. CD006869
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.
Premenstrual Syndrome (National Guideline Clearinghouse,
Cunningham J, et al. "Update on Research and Treatment of
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder," Harvard Review of
Psychiatry (April 1, 2009): Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 120–37.
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth
Edition, Text Revision (American Psychiatric Association,
There is growing evidence that the immune system's response to
inflammation may be linked to depression. Research is examining
whether combining antidepressant medication with an
anti-inflammatory may be more effective for certain patients.
Women who experience severe premenstrual symptoms may have a condition called premenstrual dysphoric disorder. Antidepressants may relieve these symptoms and, depending on the person, can be taken intermittently instead of daily.
Lithium is one of the most effective treatments for bipolar disorder, but long-term lithium use may cause kidney problems. Kidney function of patients should be monitored through regular testing.
A test found that the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
citalopram did not relieve symptoms of repetitive behavior or
movement in children with autism spectrum disorders.
An amino acid supplement may be an effective treatment for some
people with the compulsive hair-pulling disorder
To prevent post-traumatic stress disorder, is it helpful to
provide psychotherapy to everyone who has been exposed to a