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Bearden CE, et al. "Endophenotypes for Psychiatric Disorders:
Ready for Prime Time?" Trends in Genetics (June 2006): Vol. 22,
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the Use of Endophenotypes in Order to Understand a Complex
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ADHD has become the most common mental health issue in preschool
children. Some study has been done on giving medication to
preschoolers with ADHD, but training parents to change their
responses to their child's behavior is believed to be more
Endophenotypes are characteristics of a disorder or illness that
are not observable. It is hoped that study of these
characteristics may lead to better understanding of the genetic
causes of mental illnesses.
Hearing voices is a common symptom of schizophrenia. While some
patients find relief with antipsychotic drugs, other techinques
under investigation include electrical stimulation, cognitive
therapy, behavioral therapy, and meditation.
A survey found that in certain situations of domestic disputes, women were more likely than men to have hit, pushed, or thrown something at their partner.
Research is challenging the perception that people can combat
insomnia or anxiety by learning muscle relaxation techniques.
Studies of borderline personality disorder show success treating
the condition with various types of therapy, while another study
found that many of the more serious symptoms went away over time.
Concern about antidepressants increasing the risk of suicide in
children could have the unintended effect that children suffering
from depression may not receive needed treatment.