Endophenotype references

Bearden CE, et al. "Endophenotypes for Psychiatric Disorders: Ready for Prime Time?" Trends in Genetics (June 2006): Vol. 22, No. 6. www.ScienceDirect.com. Braff DL, et al. "Deconstructing Schizophrenia: An Overview of the Use of Endophenotypes in Order to Understand a Complex Disorder," Schizophrenia Bulletin (2007): Vol. 33, No. 1, pp. 21-32. Braff DL, et al. "Endophenotyping Schizophrenia," American Journal of Psychiatry (May 2007): Vol. 164, No. 5, pp. 705-07. (Locked) More »

Farewell to the voices - References

Aleman A, et al. "Efficacy of Slow Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in the Treatment of Resistant Auditory Hallucinations in Schizophrenia: A Meta-Analysis," Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (March 2007): Vol. 68, No. 3, pp. 416-21. Choong C, et al. "Auditory Hallucinations in Those Populations That Do Not Suffer from Schizophrenia," Current Psychiatry Reports (2007): Vol. 9, pp. 206-12. Ditman T, et al. "Source-Monitoring Account of Auditory Verbal Hallucinations in Patients with Schizophrenia," Harvard Review of Psychiatry (2005): Vol. 13, pp. 280-99. (Locked) More »

References – Attention Deficit Disorder in Preschoolers

Connor DF. "Preschool Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Review of Prevalence, Diagnosis, Neurobiology, and Stimulant Treatment," Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics (February 2002): Vol. 23, Suppl. 1, pp. S1-S9. Crowell SE, et al. "Autonomic Correlates of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Oppositional Defiant Disorder in Preschool Children," Journal of Abnormal Psychiatry (February 2006): Vol. 115, No. 1, pp. 174-78. Curko Kera EA, et al. "Self-Report and Objective Measures of ADHD-Related Behaviors in Parents of Preschool Children at Risk for ADHD," CNS Spectrum (September 2004): Vol. 9, No. 9, pp. 639-47. (Locked) More »

Preschool attention deficit disorder

ADHD has become the most common mental health issue in preschool children. Some study has been done on giving medication to preschoolers with ADHD, but training parents to change their responses to their child's behavior is believed to be more effective. (Locked) More »


Endophenotypes are characteristics of a disorder or illness that are not observable. It is hoped that study of these characteristics may lead to better understanding of the genetic causes of mental illnesses. (Locked) More »

Farewell to the voices

Hearing voices is a common symptom of schizophrenia. While some patients find relief with antipsychotic drugs, other techinques under investigation include electrical stimulation, cognitive therapy, behavioral therapy, and meditation. (Locked) More »