References for “Dependent personality,” April 2007

Bornstein RF. "The Dependent Personality: Developmental, Social, and Clinical Perspectives," Psychological Bulletin (July 1992): Vol. 112, No. 1, pp. 3-23. Bornstein RF. "Implicit and Self-Attributed Dependency Needs Independent and Histrionic Personality Disorders," Journal of Personality Assessment (August 1998): Vol. 71, No. 1, pp. 1-14. Bornstein RF. "The Complex Relationship between Dependency and Domestic Violence: Converging Psychological Factors and Social Forces," American Psychologist (September 2006): Vol. 61, No. 6, pp. 595-606. (Locked) More »

Dependent personality disorder

Dependent personality disorder, in which people exhibit an excessive need to be cared for by others, has its roots in childhood, particularly if independence is discouraged. Typical treatment approaches are psychodynamic or behavioral therapy. (Locked) More »

When children assault children

Research found that child-on-child violence is often regarded as insignificant, but if it occurs repeatedly in a family or school setting, the continued proximity of the attacker can be emotionally traumatic. (Locked) More »

In Brief: Efficacious, yet ineffective

The questionable results of an experimental program intended to help delinquent teenagers change their behavior illustrate the difference between the power to produce an effect during a controlled trial and success in a real-world setting. (Locked) More »

In Brief: Depression at menopause

According to two studies, women going through menopause are much more likely to develop symptoms of depression, due in part to changes in hormone production. Hormone replacement may provide temporary relief from severe depression. (Locked) More »

In Brief: Names will often hurt you

Children who experience verbal abuse are at as much risk for developing anxiety or depression as those who are abused physically or sexually. This may be due to the fact that verbal abuse is likely to persist over a lengthy period of time. (Locked) More »

In Brief: Schizophrenia and physical illness

Schizophrenics tend to have a higher incidence of medical problems, possibly because their mental illness prevents them from properly assessing their own health, or their mental health providers are not monitoring their physical condition. (Locked) More »