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Studies are examining the effects of psychiatric treatment on the brain, with the goal of making treatment more targeted and specific to the individual's condition and needs.
Research suggests that people with more active brains are less
susceptible to dementia. It may be that their brains perform
mental tasks more efficiently, thus creating a reserve of brain
Governments are establishing mental health courts to provide
services and treatment to mentally ill and addicted offenders,
lessening the burden on correctional systems in the process.
A study of several methods of treatment for alcoholism has found
that a combination of medical management and an inexpensive
medication offers a better chance for continued sobriety.
Researchers have found that the hormone cortisol, produced by the
body in response to stress, may in fact have a calming effect on
people with certain phobias or performance anxiety.
A new system for diagnosing mental illnesses, using composite
descriptions called prototypes, offers more thorough and accurate
diagnosis and allows clinicians to take a more individualized
approach to treatment.