In Brief: Abdominal fat boosts later dementia risk

In Brief

Abdominal fat boosts later dementia risk

Published: July, 2008

Research has shown that people who accumulate abdominal fat as they age — making them "apple shaped" rather than "pear shaped" — are at higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes than people whose weight gain is more evenly distributed. Now a study published online in March 2008 in Neurology suggests that abdominal fat may also increase people's risk of developing Alzheimer's disease or another type of dementia.

Researchers analyzed data collected from 6,583 male and female members of Kaiser Permanente of Northern California, a health maintenance organization. The patients had their upper abdomens measured when they were middle-aged (ranging from 40 to 45), as part of routine office visits between 1964 and 1973. The researchers then examined medical records for the same patients starting three decades later, when they were ages 73 to 87, to determine how many had developed dementia.

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