Laparoscopy and Laparoscopic Surgery
What is the test?
A laparoscope is a flexible tube. The far end of the tube is placed inside the abdomen through a small incision, with the near end remaining outside the body. At the far end of the tube is a light, and a camera that sends a picture to a television screen. The surgeon can perform surgery by controlling surgical instruments. Laparoscopy involves just looking, and laparoscopic surgery obviously involves also doing surgery.
Although x-rays and other imaging techniques have made it possible to see the inside of the body without cutting the skin, these techniques cannot always see what can be seen through a laparoscope. So laparoscopy can help diagnose many conditions.