The expression “you almost gave me a heart attack” is often used to express sudden shock or surprise. In fact, there is a specific type of heart attack commonly linked with sudden emotional stress. It is called takotsubo cardiomyopathy. Although it was once believed to be less harmful than a “typical” heart attack (which is caused by a lack of blood flow to the heart muscle), doctors are now learning more about this condition and finding that it can be just as dangerous for patients as the more common type of heart attack. More research is needed to learn how to best care for people with takotsubo cardiomyopathy and lower their risk for future heart problems.