Q & A

Does frequent ejaculation help ward off prostate cancer?

Marc B. Garnick, M.D.

Editor in Chief, HarvardProstateKnowledge.org

Studies

Can a vasectomy increase prostate cancer risk?

Experts conclude that there is no association between vasectomy and prostate cancer risk.

What’s the downside to a biopsy?

Harvey B. Simon, M.D.

Editor, Harvard Health

Even if my father takes antibiotics beforehand, could he develop a serious infection when he has a prostate biopsy later this year? Are there other possible complications we should be on the lookout for?

How soon can I bike after a biopsy?

I am an avid bicyclist, and I am having a prostate biopsy in a few weeks. How long do I need to wait after the biopsy before I can start biking again?

Am I too old to have prostate surgery?

A radical prostatectomy is a major operation that can lead to serious complications. If a man is older than 75, his doctor may not want to operate on him.

Do I need to use condoms after prostate surgery?

Harvey B. Simon, M.D.

Editor, Harvard Health

Yes. Even if a man doesn’t ejaculate, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) can still be passed from one partner to another during sexual activity.

Can radiation therapy combat a rising PSA after surgery?

I had a radical prostatectomy a year ago and thought I was cured. But now my PSA is rising rapidly, a sign that the cancer is back. Might radiation therapy help?

Can hormone therapy cause muscle loss?

Marc B. Garnick, M.D.

Editor in Chief, HarvardProstateKnowledge.org

I am currently undergoing hormone therapy with leuprolide (Lupron) injections to shrink an enlarged prostate. I believe I’ve noticed some muscle loss. Is this possible?

Botox for BPH?

It may sound like a promising approach, but there’s a lot we don’t know about using Botox to treat an enlarged prostate.

What is prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN)?

No consensus exists about what type of medical follow-up is in order for this “precancerous” condition or whether to treat it. Marc B. Garnick, M.D., explains the condition and outlines your options.