Q & A

Does frequent ejaculation help ward off prostate cancer?

Marc B. Garnick, M.D.

Editor in Chief, HarvardProstateKnowledge.org

Studies

Can a vasectomy increase prostate cancer risk?

Nancy Ferrari

Senior editor, Harvard Health

Experts conclude that there is no association between vasectomy and prostate cancer risk.

What’s the downside to a biopsy?

Harvey B. Simon, M.D.

Editor, Harvard Health

Even if my father takes antibiotics beforehand, could he develop a serious infection when he has a prostate biopsy later this year? Are there other possible complications we should be on the lookout for?

How soon can I bike after a biopsy?

Nancy Ferrari

Senior editor, Harvard Health

I am an avid bicyclist, and I am having a prostate biopsy in a few weeks. How long do I need to wait after the biopsy before I can start biking again?

Am I too old to have prostate surgery?

Nancy Ferrari

Senior editor, Harvard Health

A radical prostatectomy is a major operation that can lead to serious complications. If a man is older than 75, his doctor may not want to operate on him.

Do I need to use condoms after prostate surgery?

Harvey B. Simon, M.D.

Editor, Harvard Health

Yes. Even if a man doesn’t ejaculate, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) can still be passed from one partner to another during sexual activity.

Can radiation therapy combat a rising PSA after surgery?

Nancy Ferrari

Senior editor, Harvard Health

I had a radical prostatectomy a year ago and thought I was cured. But now my PSA is rising rapidly, a sign that the cancer is back. Might radiation therapy help?

Can hormone therapy cause muscle loss?

Marc B. Garnick, M.D.

Editor in Chief, HarvardProstateKnowledge.org

I am currently undergoing hormone therapy with leuprolide (Lupron) injections to shrink an enlarged prostate. I believe I’ve noticed some muscle loss. Is this possible?

Botox for BPH?

Nancy Ferrari

Senior editor, Harvard Health

It may sound like a promising approach, but there’s a lot we don’t know about using Botox to treat an enlarged prostate.

What is prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN)?

Nancy Ferrari

Senior editor, Harvard Health

No consensus exists about what type of medical follow-up is in order for this “precancerous” condition or whether to treat it. Marc B. Garnick, M.D., explains the condition and outlines your options.