Eye Health

Glaucoma: What’s new and what do I need to know?

Joan Miller, MD

Contributor

Glaucoma, the second leading cause of permanent blindness in the US, is a group of disorders that damage the optic nerve. It is a complex disease, and while there is currently no cure, diagnosis and prompt treatment can slow or stop progression of vision loss. All adults should have regular eye exams starting at age 40, whether vision is normal or not.

Shingles of the eye can cause lasting vision impairment

There are about one million cases of shingles in the US each year, and up to 20% of those involve nerves in the head, where the infection can affect various parts of the eye. If a case of shingles involves the upper face, forehead, or scalp, it is important to see an ophthalmologist promptly, because complications can lead to eye damage and possible vision impairment.

The health effects of too much gaming

While playing video games can be a fun pastime, and there are some potential benefits, there are health risks associated with too much gaming. They include repetitive stress injuries, vision problems, sleep deprivation, depression, and possibly addiction to playing.

Age-related macular degeneration: Early detection and timely treatment may help preserve vision

Age-related macular degeneration is the leading cause of blindness in people over 60. In order to preserve vision, it’s important to understand the stages of ARMD, its signs and symptoms, how the disease progresses, how to monitor it, and what treatments are available.

SMall Incision Lenticule Extraction (SMILE): It’s what’s new in laser vision correction

Different types of laser vision correction procedures have been available since the mid-1990s, but the newest development, small incision lenticule extraction, combines the advantages of the other variations while offering a comfortable procedure with a quick recovery.

Diabetic retinopathy: Understanding diabetes-related eye disease and vision loss

Leo Kim, MD, PhD

Contributor

Over seven million people have diabetic retinopathy, the most common form of vision loss in working-age adults with diabetes. It’s recommended that people with diabetes should work to keep blood pressure in the normal range and their A1c level below 7% to avoid complications such as diabetic retinopathy.

Trouble reading? Try these workarounds

Trouble reading may stem from physical challenges, difficulty concentrating, traumatic brain injury, or mild cognitive impairment. After an evaluation, try these workaround strategies.

Can an eye exam reveal Alzheimer’s risk?

New research considers whether certain eye conditions may help predict Alzheimer’s disease. The common link? Cardiovascular disease, which is partly preventable.

Herpes infection of the cornea

Emma Davies, MD

Contributor

Different forms of the herpes virus can cause infection of the cornea that can result in pain, redness, and blurred vision. If not treated, permanent vision loss may result.

Will blue light from electronic devices increase my risk of macular degeneration and blindness?

Many people have expressed concern about potential harm to the eyes from blue light emitted by the screens of our electronic devices. Risks to the eyes from exposure to this light are negligible, but blue light may have other effects on our health.