Diabetes

Diabetic retinopathy: Understanding diabetes-related eye disease and vision loss

Leo Kim, MD, PhD

Contributor

Over seven million people have diabetic retinopathy, the most common form of vision loss in working-age adults with diabetes. It’s recommended that people with diabetes should work to keep blood pressure in the normal range and their A1c level below 7% to avoid complications such as diabetic retinopathy.

Weight loss surgery for children and teens struggling with obesity

Claire McCarthy, MD

Faculty Editor, Harvard Health Publishing

If a child is obese by age 12, it’s nearly a certainty that child will be obese as an adult, with all the complications that brings. While some may be uncomfortable with a child or adolescent having bariatric surgery to facilitate weight loss, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends it in certain situations.

Lifestyle changes to lower heart disease risk

Unhealthy lifestyle choices may be responsible for half of all premature deaths, but choosing healthier behaviors, such as working to lower cholesterol and blood pressure and getting more exercise, can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.

10 foods that may impact your risk of dying from heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes

Researchers examining data from a national health survey and other sources found that consuming too much, or too little, of 10 foods was associated with 45% of deaths in 2012 due to type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.

Weekend catch-up sleep won’t fix the effects of sleep deprivation on your waistline

Trying to make up for not getting enough sleep during the week by sleeping longer on weekends has been found to have negative effects such as weight gain, expending less energy, and increased calorie intake during evenings.

Intensive blood sugar control doesn’t have lasting cardiovascular benefits for those with diabetes

Medha Munshi, MD

Contributor

A recent 15-year follow-up to the Veterans Affairs Diabetes Trial found that short-term intensive blood sugar control did not lead to significant reduction of risk of cardiovascular events in the long term.

Why are diabetes-related complications on the rise?

George King, MD

Contributor

From 1990 to 2010, there was a significant decrease in diabetes-related complications, but since then the trend has reversed and complications are on the rise among young adults. This may be due to the changing profile of those who develop type 2 diabetes, or may be due to other factors.

Human insulin may be a lower-cost option for some people with diabetes

The cost of insulin has risen dramatically in recent years, causing hardship for many people with diabetes. A study compared typical insulin with a version that was in common use a few decades ago and is significantly less expensive.

Are certain types of sugars healthier than others?

The most recent Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends that added sugar be limited to 10% of daily calories, but the source of the sugar matters more than what kind of sugar it is.

A silver lining for migraine sufferers?

Paul Rizzoli, MD

Contributor

A recent study suggests that having migraine headaches may be connected to a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes, though the specific reason for this connection remains unknown.