Harvard Women's Health Watch

Stopping repeated urinary tract infections

A short urethra, coupled with the drop in estrogen after menopause, increases older women’s susceptibility to urinary tract infections (UTIs). The lack of estrogen can also lead to vaginal atrophy, which can increase the risk of recurrent urinary infections. Antibiotics are the mainstay of treatment for UTIs, and some women who get several UTIs a year may need to take them long-term. To prevent repeat infections, women should make sure to fully empty their bladder each time they use the bathroom, urinate after sex, and drink plenty of water.  
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