More Diseases & Conditions

More Diseases & Conditions Articles

Urine testing no longer routine

Currently, most diseases that are detectable by urine tests can be diagnosed earlier with blood tests. Since blood testing is more common in doctors' offices now and urinalysis adds little new information, many doctors do not do it routinely. (Locked) More »

What causes shaky hands?

The most common form of hand shakiness is known as essential tremor. Its exact cause is uncertain, but it is more common with aging and may be inheritable. Medication can help relieve tremors from Parkinson's disease or essential tremor. More »

How to prevent kidney stones

Men prone to kidney stones can take basic steps to reduce the risk of kidney stones forming. It is important to drink plenty of water to dilute chemicals in urine that form stones. Also take in adequate calcium, preferably from foods. Limit daily sodium intake to 1,500 milligrams per day. Dietary restrictions may be necessary, depending on the type of stones that the person tends to form. These restrictions may include limiting animal protein and avoiding foods that could make kidney stones more likely to form, such as oxalate. More »

Panel backs HCV test for baby boomers

A national panel of experts on primary care, the United States Preventive Services Task Force, recommends that all baby boomers (people born between 1945 and 1965) should be screened at least once for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. (Locked) More »

When to worry about a cough

A cough from the common cold can last from several weeks to two months. A persistent cough with worrying symptoms like coughing up blood, shortness of breath, or weight loss needs immediate medical attention. (Locked) More »

Causes of cold feet

Common causes of cold feet include clogged arteries in the legs (peripheral artery disease), low body fat, Raynaud's syndrome, and nerve damage. (Locked) More »

How to prevent gout attacks

Guidelines suggest that men at risk of gout attacks should keep their blood uric acid under 6 milligrams per deciliter. Dietary changes alone may not lower uric acid sufficiently if it is high, but avoiding certain gout-triggering foods can still help prevent gout attacks. For those who need uric acid lowering medication, guidelines say that they should take a high enough dose to be effective. For those with only sporadic attacks, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug may work well. During flare ups or while waiting for uric-acid-lowering medication to start working, colchicine may be taken at lower doses than were once typical. (Locked) More »

Self-help steps to get through hemorrhoid flare-ups

A number of self-help steps can reduce the pain and discomfort of hemorrhoids. Getting more fiber, either with food alone or by adding a fiber supplement, helps to prevent straining, pain, and bleeding. Off-the-shelf creams and suppositories can ease swelling and itching. Soaking the affected area in a sitz bath can increase comfort.  Researchers are studying dietary supplements containing plant-based chemicals called flavonoids to reduce hemorrhoid bleeding and swelling, but the evidence for them is preliminary. When hemorrhoid symptoms continue to worsen despite the usual care steps, it may be time to talk to a doctor about hemorrhoid removal procedures. More »