Rosacea

What Is It?

Rosacea (rose-ay-shah) is a common, long-lasting skin condition that causes inflammation and redness of the face. It usually starts with redness on the cheeks and nose, and also can affect the forehead and chin. The late comedian W.C. Fields, who was known for his wicked wit and red, bulbous nose, had an advanced case of rosacea.

Rosacea usually affects fair-skinned adults between ages 30 and 50 who have "peaches and cream" complexions and a history of blushing easily. Women develop rosacea more often than men, but men are more apt to develop lumpy, enlarged noses, a condition called rhinophyma. Rosacea often is mistaken for sunburn and often goes undiagnosed. It is a very treatable condition.

Symptoms

There are four progressive stages of rosacea.

  • First stage — Flushing and intermittent facial redness

  • Second stage — Persistent redness on the cheeks, nose, chin or forehead

  • Third stage — Small, pus-colored or red bumps, along with tiny blood vessels that appear as red, thin lines called telangiectasias

  • Fourth stage — Bumps and skin thickening of the nose

Here's a detailed look at the most common symptoms of rosacea:

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