Harvard Men's Health Watch

Prostate help: A test that can help you avoid unnecessary prostate biopsies

PSA testing to check for hidden prostate cancer in other wise healthy men identifies a potential risk but is not a diagnosis. Diagnosing cancer requires a prostate needle biopsy, which is painful for some men and may lead to bleeding and infection. In men with moderately elevated PSA levels, three-quarters of biopsies do not confirm the presence of cancer. The PCA3 test can help some men avoid unnecessary repeat biopsies after a biopsy does not find cancer and PSA levels remain high.
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