Hormone therapy: The next chapter

Hormone therapy (HT) was a mainstay of postmenopausal health care. Besides relieving hot flashes and other troublesome symptoms, it was thought to offer protection against a host of degenerative disorders. Perimenopausal women were commonly urged to consider HT, not just for symptom relief but also for benefits that included protection against osteoporosis and possibly heart disease, colon cancer, and Alzheimer's disease. Its risks were thought to be limited — mainly increased susceptibility to breast cancer and gallbladder disease. Today HT is linked not only to these conditions but also to an increased risk for stroke, blood clots, and Alzheimer's disease. Amid the growing evidence of harmful effects it's still too early to close the book on HT. More »

What to do about gallstones

Women under 40 are at much greater risk of developing gallstones than men, due to the actions of the hormones estrogen and progesterone. More than 25 million people in the United States have gallstones. Fortunately, for most people, gallstones are "silent" — they don't cause major symptoms. When they do act up, there are effective ways to address the problem. (Locked) More »