References for "Depression and heart disease in women"

Pan A, et al. "Depression and Incident Stroke in Women," Stroke (Oct. 2011): Vol. 42, No. 10, pp. 2770–75. Rudisch B, et al. "Epidemiology of Comorbid Coronary Artery Disease and Depression," Biological Psychiatry (Aug. 2003): Vol. 54, No. 3, pp. 227–40. Rugulies R. "Depression as a Predictor for Coronary Heart Disease. A Review and Meta-Analysis," American Journal of Preventive Medicine (July 2002): Vol. 23, No. 1, pp. 51–61. (Locked) More »

References for "Exploring the mysteries of hypnosis"

Abramowitz EG, et al. "A New Hypnotic Technique for Treating Combat-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Prospective Open Study," International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis (July 2010): Vol. 58, No. 3, pp. 316–28. Lynn SJ, et al. "Hypnosis, Rumination, and Depression: Catalyzing Attention and Mindfulness-Based Treatments," International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis (April 2010): Vol. 58, No. 2, pp. 202–21. Meyerson J, et al. "Out-of-Illness Experience: Hypnotically Induced Dissociation as a Therapeutic Resource in Treating People with Obstinate Mental Disorders," American Journal of Psychotherapy (Feb. 2009): Vol. 63, No. 2, pp. 133–46. (Locked) More »

References for "Why stress causes people to overeat"

Adams CE, et al. "Lifestyle Factors and Ghrelin: Critical Review and Implications for Weight Loss Maintenance," Obesity Review (May 2011): Vol. 12, No. 5, electronic publication. Mathes WF, et al. "The Biology of Binge Eating," Appetite (June 2009): Vol. 52, No. 3, pp. 545–53. Spencer SJ, et al. "The Glucocorticoid Contribution to Obesity," Stress (Feb. 6, 2011): Vol. 14, No. 3, pp. 233–46. (Locked) More »

Depression and heart disease in women

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in women. Close to 43 million women in the United States have some form of cardiovascular disease — a term that includes both heart disease and stroke — and every year nearly 422,000 die of it. Several behaviors and conditions — smoking, poor diet, physical inactivity, high cholesterol, obesity, high blood pressure, and diabetes — increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Evidence has mounted that depression should be added to the list of risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Research suggests that depression increases the likelihood of developing heart disease and stroke, even after taking into account factors such as smoking. The issue is important to consider for women in particular, because they are twice as likely as men to develop depression. (Locked) More »

Exploring the mysteries of hypnosis

While hypnosis is endorsed by the American Psychiatric Association as a therapy for certain disorders, the precise manner in which it works is still not understood. The most influential theories of hypnosis emphasize dissociation, which may explain the amnesia of hypnotic subjects and the fact that they often say their actions are not willed but happening spontaneously. A different understanding is reflected in the social-cognitive theory of hypnosis, which emphasizes suggestibility rather than dissociation. This theory holds that the hypnotic trance is not an altered state of consciousness but instead a striking effect of the human susceptibility to social influence.  (Locked) More »

The life-changing potential of neuroplasticity

Dr. Adam Wolfberg, a physician at Tufts Medical Center, specializing in high-risk pregnancies explores the brain's ability to compensate for injury by recounting his daughter's premature birth and early years. In 2002, when his wife Kelly was about six-and-a-half months pregnant, she went into early labor. Soon afterward she gave birth to their daughter Larissa, who was born weighing a little under 2 pounds — at the very cusp of survival. Because Larissa Wolfberg was born at 26 weeks of gestation, her doctors could not predict what her future would hold. In his book, Fragile Beginnings: Discoveries and Triumphs in the Newborn ICU, Dr. Wolfberg not only provides a look at the tremendous strengths and limitations of newborn intensive care medicine today, but also details how physical and occupational therapists worked with Larissa as she grew older to help her overcome some of the physical challenges she faced. In the process, he offers a fascinating look at the human side of neuroplasticity, the brain's ability to adapt and learn. (Locked) More »

Why stress causes people to overeat

There is much truth behind the phrase "stress eating." Stress, the hormones it unleashes, and the effects of high-fat, sugary "comfort foods" push people toward overeating. Researchers have linked weight gain to stress, and according to an American Psychological Association survey, about one-fourth of Americans rate their stress level as 8 or more on a 10-point scale. In the short term, stress can shut down appetite. A structure in the brain called the hypothalamus produces corticotropin-releasing hormone, which suppresses appetite. The brain also sends messages to the adrenal glands atop the kidneys to pump out the hormone epinephrine (also known as adrenaline). Epinephrine helps trigger the body's fight-or-flight response, a revved-up physiological state that temporarily puts eating on hold. But if stress persists, it's a different story. The adrenal glands release another hormone called cortisol, and cortisol increases appetite and may also ramp up motivation in general, including the motivation to eat. More »

Commentary: ADHD drugs and heart risk for children

If your child is being treated for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), you may have one less thing to worry about. A study involving 1.2 million children and young adults provided reassuring evidence that the drugs used to treat ADHD do not increase the risk of death from heart disease. Researchers, who published their results in October 2011 in The New England Journal of Medicine, analyzed medical records from a nationwide private insurance plan along with health plans based in Tennessee, California, and Washington State. They compared children taking stimulant drugs such as methylphenidate (Ritalin) and dextroamphetamine (Adderall) that are commonly used to treat ADHD with children not taking these drugs. Among all of the children, heart attack, stroke, or sudden death were rare, affecting a little more than three in every 100,000 children per year. Cardiac problems were no more common among children using a stimulant as among those not taking one. (Locked) More »