References for "Addiction in women"

Anton RF, et al. "Combined Pharmacotherapies and Behavioral Interventions for Alcohol Dependence: The COMBINE Study, a Randomized Controlled Trial," Journal of the American Medical Association (May 3, 2006): Vol. 295, No. 17, pp. 2003–17. Ashley OS, et al. "Effectiveness of Substance Abuse Treatment Programming for Women: A Review," American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse (Jan.–Feb. 2003): Vol. 29, No. 1, pp. 19–53. Becker JB, et al. "Sex Differences in Drug Abuse," Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology (Jan. 2008): Vol. 29, No. 1, pp. 36–47. (Locked) More »

References for "Are rates of autism spectrum disorders increasing?"

Johnson CP, et al. "Identification and Evaluation of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders," Pediatrics (Nov. 2007): Vol. 120, No. 5, pp. 1183–215. Kogan MD, et al. "Prevalence of Parent-Reported Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder Among Children in the U.S., 2007," Pediatrics (Oct. 5, 2009): Electronic publication ahead of print. Myers SM, et al. "Management of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders," Pediatrics (Nov. 2007): Vol. 120, No. 5, pp. 1162–82. (Locked) More »

References for "Encouraging patients to take medication as prescribed"

Byerly MJ, et al. "Validity of Electronically Monitored Medication Adherence and Conventional Adherence Measures in Schizophrenia," Psychiatric Services (June 2007): Vol. 58, No. 6, pp. 844–47. Dolder CR, et al. "Antipsychotic Medication Adherence: Is There a Difference Between Typical and Atypical Agents?" American Journal of Psychiatry (Jan. 2002): Vol. 159, No. 1, pp. 103–08. Gilmer TP, et al. "Adherence to Treatment with Antipsychotic Medication and Health Care Costs Among Medicaid Beneficiaries with Schizophrenia," American Journal of Psychiatry (April 2004): Vol. 161, No. 4, pp. 692–99. (Locked) More »

Addiction in women

Statistically, men are more likely than women to become addicts, but women with addiction problems find it harder to quit, and are more likely to relapse after treatment. More »

Encouraging patients to take medication as prescribed

Many patients with bipolar disorder or schizophrenia — like those with other chronic health conditions — find it difficult to follow a prescribed medication regimen (see table). This is unfortunate, as studies consistently show that the more carefully such patients take medications as prescribed, the less likely they are to experience a relapse or hospitalization. Problems with treatment adherence can also disrupt the therapeutic relationship. This is especially true when conversations about medication escalate into a power struggle, distracting attention from the shared goal of recovery. (One reason that the term "treatment compliance" has fallen out of favor is because it suggests that the patient is to blame.) Two reviews — including one that presented what are believed to be the first consensus guidelines on this topic — sought to distill the research findings and present practical advice about improving adherence. (Locked) More »

Are rates of autism spectrum disorders increasing?

Results from a large study have reignited the debate about whether autism spectrum disorders have become more common — or whether expanded diagnostic criteria and increased awareness are fueling the increase in the number of cases identified. Researchers at the U.S. Maternal and Child Health Bureau (part of the Department of Health and Human Services) analyzed data from the 2007 National Survey of Children's Health. This telephone survey collected information from 78,037 parents of children ages 3 to 17, selected through random digit dialing (a standard technique to produce a representative sample). During the survey, parents were asked whether they had ever been told by a health care provider that their child had autism, Asperger's disorder, pervasive developmental disorder, or another autism spectrum disorder. In the survey, 913 parents said their child was currently diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder, and another 453 said their child once had such a diagnosis but no longer did. Based on the responses, the investigators estimated that 110 U.S. children out of 10,000 currently have an autism spectrum disorder — or roughly one in every 91. If confirmed by other studies, this would mean that autism spectrum disorders are now slightly more common than schizophrenia (which affects about one in 100 Americans). (Locked) More »

Commentary: Concussions in football

National Football League players are at high risk of developing brain damage. The league has an opportunity to influence children and adolescents by establishing safety regulations regarding head injuries. (Locked) More »