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These questions can help you and your physician figure out if you
should be tested for sleep apnea. Circle your answers, tally up
the points next to them, and see what the total means in the
Do you snore more than three nights a week? Yes (2 points) No (0
Is your snoring loud (can it be heard through a door or wall)?
Yes (2 points) No (0 points)
Somers VK, White DP, Amin R, et al. Sleep apnea and
cardiovascular disease: an American Heart Association/American
College Of Cardiology Foundation Scientific Statement.
Circulation 2008; 118:1080-111. http://circ.ahajournals.org/cgi/reprint/118/10/1080.pdf
Young T, Finn L, Peppard PE, et al. Sleep disordered breathing
and mortality: eighteen-year follow-up of the Wisconsin sleep
cohort. Sleep 2008; 31:1071-8.
Marshall NS, Wong KK, Liu PY, Cullen SR, Knuiman MW, Grunstein
RR. Sleep apnea as an independent risk factor for all-cause
mortality: the Busselton Health Study. Sleep 2008; 31:1079-85.
Doctors around the world are testing the safety and effectiveness
of repairing or replacing heart valves without surgery. These new
techniques are generally done by approaching the heart from a
blood vessel in the groin. You can see short movies showing how
this might be done at several industry Web sites, including
Edwards Lifesciences, Evalve,
Just because doctors can repair or replace failing heart valves
without surgery, we don't know if doing this works as well as the
traditional open-heart approach. Trials of
through-the-circulatory-system approaches registered with the
National Institutes of Health that are recruiting participants
Sponsored by: Evalve, Inc.
Several Web sites provide excellent information about the long QT
Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute covers all the bases, as
Heart Rhythm Society, an organization of doctors who treat
rhythm disorders. Private sites, such as QTsyndrome.ch, Long-QT-Syndrome.com,
the Cardiac Arrhythmias Research
and Education (CARE) Foundation, also deliver useful, though
somewhat more personal, information on long QT syndrome.
Online support groups are available at QTsyndrome.ch,
and the CARE
Sleep apnea causes increased production of stress hormones,
faster heart rate, increased blood pressure, and inflammation.
Research has found that people with the condition are more likely
to die of cardiovascular disease.
Tilapia has been criticized because it is lower in omega-3 fats
and higher in omega-6 fats than other kinds of fish, but it is
still a good source of protein and has other nutritional value.
Progress is being made on developing less invasive surgeries to
replace or repair heart valves, but more research is needed
before they become a viable option for the average person.
Long QT syndrome is a lengthening of part of the heart's normal
rhythm that occurs when its muscle cells do not properly process
certain substances. The resulting erratic heart rhythm can cause
fainting, shortness of breath, and possibly death.
Eating meals more slowly allows the stomach time to signal the
brain when it is getting full, which can result in lower overall
food consumption. Drinking water with your meals can also help by
making you feel fuller.
A clinical trial that compared angioplasty with aggressive drug
therapy for treatment of angina found both treatments about
The cholesterol-lowering drug ezetimbe, sold as Zetia and in
combination with the statin Zocor as Vytorin, has proved no
better at reducing plaque than the statin alone, and may be
linked to an increased risk of cancer.
Brief updates on a drug combination that may cause muscle damage,
a blood test for rejection after a heart transplant, a possible
link between retinopathy and heart disease, and running for heart
health and longevity.
You are always talking about high blood pressure. Mine is always
on the low side, about 80/60. Is that a problem?
Several years ago, a friend in my sewing circle was diagnosed
with congestive heart failure. My doctor just told me I have
heart failure. Are these the same condition or different ones?