Is there any link between a severe ruptured appendix and later infertility?
is the end result of many complex functions in both the male and female
reproductive tracts. One critical step in the process is the egg and
sperm meeting and joining together before being transported to the womb
to develop. Open and healthy fallopian tubes are necessary for this to
occur. The fallopian tubes can be damaged by prior pelvic inflammation,
including inflammation caused by appendicitis.
with a history of appendicitis do not become infertile, and treatment
is available for women who have difficulty conceiving. If the tubes are
kinked or blocked by scar tissue, surgery can restore the tubes. The
surgery is often done through a laparoscope. If the tubes are severely
damaged, in vitro fertilization (IVF) can be performed. In IVF, the egg
and sperm are mixed outside the body and then placed in the uterus.
This process bypasses the fallopian tubes.
— Joan Bengtson, M.D.
Assistant professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, Harvard
Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction, Brigham and Women's