Harvard Men's Health Watch

In the journals: Mediterranean diet reduces risk of heart attacks

A clinical trial published in The New England Journal of Medicine has confirmed that people eating a Mediterranean-style diet had fewer heart attacks, strokes, and deaths from cardiovascular disease, compared with those eating a low-fat diet. The study, which involved nearly 7,500 people, is the first clinical trial to measure the cardiac benefits of the Mediterranean diet. Study participants had three fewer heart attacks, strokes, and deaths from heart disease per 1,000 people who ate Mediterranean-style. Mediterranean diets generally include

  • generous servings of fruits and vegetables

  • whole-grain breads and cereals

  • healthy fats from nuts, seeds, and olive oil

  • limited amounts of red meat

  • no more than four eggs per week

  • moderate wine consumption (no more than two 5-ounce glasses a day for men and one a day for women).

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